Ready to Read

Ready to Read
Historical Novels -Bobi Andrews

Saturday, August 18, 2012



You’d have to know Liberty Bill to appreciate this fine beast of the prairie. You’re reading correctly. Not the Liberty Bell hanging in Philadelphia that made America possible. Not Buffalo Bill the famous wild west performer, although both had much in common. Each was a product of Iowa during the buffalo rage roaring through the prairies west of the Mississippi River during the early 1800’s.

In Liberty Township, Clarke County, Iowa, circa 1844, a certain buffalo calf was as famous as the world renown performer, Buffalo Bill, who was touring Europe and meeting the Queen of England with his crowd pleasing theatrics and tall stories of escapades in America’s wild west. Not to be outdone, the unique talents of this eccentric buffalo celebrity were published in the Clarke County Osceola Sentinel, the local newspaper. He was revered by the local population as evidenced by a thirty-five-year old, dog-eared clipping saved by Mrs. George Evans of Woodburn, Iowa, published through USGENWEB, Clarke County, Iowa.

Although hard to prove with thousands, more likely hundreds of thousands, of buffalo roaming the tall grass and deep rooted turf of the prairie, Liberty Bill of this story may have been related to the young bison John Holt trained as a “plow horse.” When the Holt family had no oxen and faced disaster with no way to prepare for crops, John improvised with a young buffalo calf he’d captured and one of his frontier-hardy steers to pull the plow that “turned the soil.” I will let you pause a moment for your imagination to be a frontiersman on a horse riding past the Holt farmstead. Right before your eyes, you’d see the anomalous spectacle of John behind the plow pulled by his truly, the deft buffalo yoked to a wary steer. Snorting displeasure and pulling on his traces, the latter was obviously deeply conflicted about his partner in labor and his own degraded station in life.

I’ll even wait while you take a second look.

For the purpose of honoring ancestral privacy of innocent descendents in the telling of a historical story laced with fiction, we will assume Liberty Bill was the property of an anonymous Jim Henry Hunt, who lived with his family as neighbors to the fearless Kilmore, adventuresome Windriff, and patriotic Bakker families. I anticipate true kin will recognize the families who inspired this story.

It may have happened like this.

JIM HENRY WAS NO ORDINARY BOY. At a very early age, he acquired the noble attribute of patience. He spent hours in the barn watching a colony of ants dig and tunnel under loose, rotted flooring. He took great pains with sticks and shafts of hay to measure the daily progress of the horde of workers.  While ants labored in a frenzy, Jim Henry remained calm and deliberate, observing each day’s efforts carefully and predicting their every move. When morning came, he ambled to the barn with no particular speed to see whether or not the ants followed his predictions, and adjusted his expectations when they didn’t. If the ants went too far astray, he prepared barriers of wood and corn cobs to redirect their efforts. He dedicated himself to guiding their industry with no inkling his boyhood play would become serious business years later.

While envious waggers might say his extraordinary patience was a gift, it was no gift at all—he’d come by it the hard way. From the moment he emerged from his mother’s womb after a long, difficult labor, life had been a struggle. With the slightest movement agitating his arms and legs, his breathing became difficult and his heart beat irregular—first thrashing furiously and then hardly at all. Each day, his life was a shaft of wheat floating precariously in the wind.

Surviving a difficult childbirth, Celia vowed not to lose the baby she and God had worked so hard to bring to life. Night and day, she suckled him at his first whimper and protected him when his brothers and sisters might accidentally bump his cradle or rouse him with unnecessary noise. So immersed in her mission, Celia delegated his sister, Elizabeth, to take over the running of the household.

Miraculously, by age six, Jim Henry's breathing became normal and only rarely did his heart race beyond control. After months of begging his mother, and his father’s insistence that he no longer needed her eagle eyes hawking his every move, he finally was allowed to play alone in the barn. Excused from strenuous farm labor, but not without sibling resentment towards his soft, protected life, he watched his father and older brothers struggle nearby to clear pastures from trees, stumps, and occasionally limestone outcroppings prevalent in the rolling hills of Martin County, Indiana.

Later, Chester, a German shepherd, came along, a gift to the older boys from Uncle Drury, whose bitch birthed five puppies. Celia feared the puppy would bring too much excitement for her fragile son, but acquiesced when Jim Henry calmly took on the assignment of methodically teaching the frisky Chester to sit, lay, and fetch a stick. Although belonging to Jim Henry's brothers, Chester frequently preferred lying peacefully in the barn while his companion rubbed a certain spot behind his ear. Talking back and forth as boys and dogs often do, the two of them watched the ants go about their work.

One evening late in July,  his father barged into the kitchen, sweat dripping from his brow, an ear of corn covered with deadly black smut in his hand. He ranted, “Look at this. Third year corn’s ruined. We’ll starve. I tell you, Celia, we’ll starve.”

Turning away from his wife and eight children who still lived at home, and who were seated around the kitchen table anticipating supper, he sat morose, head in his hands, not responding to anyone.

Celia consoled, “Not your fault. We’ll get by somehow. Is there anything I can do?”

“Don’t see how we’re going to make it,” he muttered.

“What are others doing—their corn has smut, too.”

“Some are talking Iowa.”

“Why Iowa?”

“It’s unsettled. Land’s cheap. Few Indians left.”

“You thinking of moving there?”

“Dunno, will think about it.”

Jim Henry's father came to breakfast the next morning disheveled, dark circles under his eyes, and deep lines embedded from his ruddy cheeks to his mouth. He hadn’t slept. 

Celia rushed to put a cup of coffee in front of him. “You all right? Heard you tossing most of the night.”

“Can’t see no other way. We’re moving to Iowa.”

With his father’s words, Jim Henry's idyllic life watching ants in the barn with Chester ended.

Iowa, in its early days, was wild country populated by six major Indian tribes—the Pottawattamie, Ute, Omaha, Miami, Ottawa, and Sioux. The eastern lands bounded by the Mississippi River and extending to the extreme southeastern corner of the state were heavily timbered. Not wanting the back-breaking work of clearing masses of trees, prospective settlers strove to avoid settling in the thick woods as they had in Kentucky and Indiana. The western and central areas were vast flatlands. Even after hours of traversing, the western horizon never seemed closer. The undulating waves of the flowing prairie were as challenging for oxen and wagons to enter as for seafaring ships to set sail across the wide blue Atlantic.

If felling and clearing trees were abominable to settlers, cutting through ten-foot tall blue stem buffalo grass, with tangled seven foot underground roots, to find black fertile soil was thrice as grueling. The heartiest of men succumbed in despair.

Word spread of the Hunt’s plan to move to Iowa. Their neighboring kin, the Windriff’s, whose corn suffered the same smut as the Hunt’s, were eager to join in the move to Iowa.

In the discussion on where to settle, once in Iowa, one of the older Windriff boys butted in. It must have been Moses who got the brilliant idea. An antitheses of Jim Henry, he was a bulwark young man, extruding a self-centered confidence, and impulsive to the point he felt the only way to solve an argument was a good fist fight. To be fair, everyone agreed Moses was the one to depend on "to carry the water over the hill" in tough times.

As if God were speaking, he pronounced, “It’s obvious. We’ll settle at the point where trees end and prairie begins.” For two families who seldom agreed on anything, Moses’ revelation struck a harmonious accord.

Best of both worlds, they agreed. Timber for building cabins and barns, and wide, unlimited expanses of fertile soil at their bidding. They’d have a sod crop in no time.

Their vision was clear. Blue sky above, rows of cornfields below, rain-soaked to spectacular lushness with each quarter turn of the moon. A land of milk and honey. Abraham’s promised land. Heaven on earth. In their glee and enthusiasm, none thought anything existed that would stop them. God’s blessing was with them. Onward!

Far away in the tumbling hills, the great and wise Chief Manitou, supreme Indian ruler and master of life, shook his head. Had he been present, he’d have raised his spear and tapped a solemn warning on the shoulders of the exuberant men. Neither family heretofore had broken an inch of true prairie sod, the likes of which they were about to encounter. 

One fine cloudless day in October—settlers always began their migratory treks on fine, cloudless autumn days after harvesting their crops—two Hunt wagons, each drawn by a pair of sturdy oxen, and a similar entourage of Windriffs began their journey. They departed at dawn leaving Martin County and its devastating corn smut behind and welcoming a new land, freshly gold from wild oats turned by summer's scorching sun. With each wagon filled to capacity with small children, farming tools, and household wares, they trudged west along numerous creeks to Terre Haute expecting to find Indian trails winding north along the Wabash River.

On the first leg of their voyage west, the wagons logged twelve miles and settled peacefully for the night.

At sunrise the following day, as the men finished their morning coffee, Jim Henry's father called for the daily drawing. Doswell Hunt, dubbed Dozey by his father, drew the longest straw making his wagon the lead for the day. By agreement, the first wagon from the previous day was delegated to the rear, not unlike a Virginia reel where by dosey-do rotation each couple had the opportunity to lead.

Having bestowed upon himself the role of Captain and taking the lead wagon position yesterday, Moses was annoyed that his wagon today was at the ass end of the line.  He shouted, “Pull to the right. Take the next turn along the river.”

“Damned if I will,” shouted Dozey, one hand on his rifle, the other grasping the reins of the oxen. “Any fool knows Indians travel on Indian trails.”

Immediately offended to be called a fool and looking for a diversion from the monotony of the tedious journey, Moses, followed by the Windriff men and boys deemed old enough to fight, jumped from the wagons, some rushing forward from tending the trailing livestock. Hunt defenders eagerly joined the melee. Face to face, they raised their fists and shouted epitaphs unfit for women folk. Moses threw the first punch, barely scraping Dozey’s head.

“River route, you asshole.”

“Hell no, you idiot. You want Indians to scalp us?”

“Watch who you call an idiot.” Moses' face turned the color of a red bird’s feather. His fisted knuckles remained white, not moving an inch from Dozey’s firm stance.

“I’m looking at him,” Dozey drawled, his sharp eyes penetrating the furious face of his cousin. He made a grand spectacle of looking around, left to right before shooting a smirking arrow straight to Moses. “Don’t see no others.”

Moses drew his arm back, his arm muscles bulging, to pummel his taunting cousin into oblivion. At that moment, Dozey’s brother, Johnny, jumped Moses from behind, the force of which sent both sprawling down a ravine. A free-for-all followed.

No longer facing his nemesis, Dozey jumped back in the wagon.

Whether to follow the wider, smoother trail where they might encounter marauding Indians, or a narrower path with heavy underbrush that no wagon or Indian was likely to travel was the issue. The sense and fists of the Windriffs were to take the wider, more travelable trail; the Hunts, considered by themselves to be more civilized and courageous, stayed adamant for following the more challenging and obscure route. 

Wise enough to stay on his wagon while others continued to argue, Dozey took advantage of the circumstances and deliberately turned onto a narrow path where heavily encumbered trees bent together to form arches. 

The second Hunt wagon, driven by Celia, followed. An oblivious Jim Henry, sitting next to the backboard near a coop of noisy chickens, calmly rubbed Chester behind his ear, measuring with his other thumb the distance between the tall cumulous clouds that seemed to follow their progress once they got underway from Martin County.

Not far behind, the Windriff wagons, driven by their women, faithfully followed like a string of obedient sheep following a tup over a cliff. Dozey’s lead wagon disappeared into deep shadows emanating from masses of inland river trees. The men, too angry to notice, were left in high animation pursuing their arguments. Creaking wheels and shouts from wives and daughters caught their attention, forcing them to run to catch the moving train.

Moses, smarting from his unfinished business with the fisticuffs, yelled from his position at the far end of the wagons, “Give me Liberty or give me Death.”

Dozey, grinning, triumphantly swirled his whip above his head before landing a blow on the rear of the slowest ox from which the ox responded with a quickening pace. “Cousin,” he taunted, “You ain’t the man to stop me.”

“You ain’t fair, Dozey. Wait til we camp. There’s more of us.”

“You mean more idiots. We’ll give you a fight, the likes of which you ain’t seen before.” Aiming to the sky, Dozey fired off his rifle, ruffling a flock of crows in the trees. Black, fluttering wings dispersed skyward wanting no part of the invading strangers.

Jim Henry heard his father chuckle under his breath, “Now, Dozey, you oughtta not treat your cousin that way.” His laugh turned to a guffaw. “He might get his feathers riled.”

Continuing around a curve in the trail, the advance of the wagons closed the matter, at least temporarily, from further discussion.

The heavy underbrush and overhanging trees required the heartiest of men and boys to switch from tending the herd of cows, pigs, and mares with foals, to cutting and clearing the trail ahead. Every backbone and hand was needed. All able men and boys were accounted for except Jim Henry who everybody long ago judged fit but too damn much of a mama's boy to do a man’s work.

“Jim Henry?” His father demanded, his patience gone, his irritation evident, his voice belching fire. “Where is that boy? Don’t he know his butt’s needed with the herd?”

Dozey pointed to the rear of his wagon. “Ridin’ like he was goin’ to church.”

“Ain’t church I have in mind. He’ll either tend stock or pray he has an ass to sit on when I get through with him.” His father cupped his hands and yelled louder, “Jim Henry, get yourself out here.”

Jim Henry heard the threats, but never argued, least of all with his hot-tempered father. Without answering, he roused Chester to follow, and slid from the back of Dozey’s wagon. On his way to the rear of the train, he gathered branches to swat any straying animal. Like-minded to the ambling cows and free spirited as the mares with their foals, he was content to be away from the cursing tempers and rowdy bustle of the wagons. Walking calmly among his charges, he stroked necks and patted rumps encouraging the herd to move forward. An aura of calmness permeated the woods. Birds sang and squirrels stood on their haunches watching them pass. He knew it would take two days to reach Danville, the jumping off place between the familiarity of the Indiana Territory and the wilderness known only as “the west.”

Danville was typical of a small town that had sprung from a few fur trading shacks and teepees to a crossroads with a general store, saloon, and stables.

Numerous wagons, traveling west, stopped to gather provisions, trade stories, and seek advice, many hoping to join others crossing Illinois. Upon reaching the Mississippi River, most would tear apart their wagons to build rafts for floating down river to either St. Louis or New Orleans. Few would choose to continue overland to Iowa.

Jim Henry, fetching prairie grass to the animals, heard his father speak to his brother euphorically as if he had found a great mother lode. “Moses won’t like it, but I think we ought to hitch up with those wagons down there. Clerk in the store says they’re going to Iowa. With their numbers, we’ll be safer.”

“Pa, you can’t be serious," Dozey protested. "Those wagons are Quakers. You don’t expect us to mix with war dodgers.”

“And why not? Cowards in war, maybe, but Indians don’t bother them. Don’t have to mix, just follow.”

“What makes you think they’ll want us behind them? You talked to any of them? They ain’t friendly to outsiders, you know.”

“Hell. Ain’t asking. It’s a free land.”

“Moses’ll think we’ve lost our minds. I agree.” He saw the ruddy face of his father turn the color of gray stone and knew the futility of arguing when his father’s mind was made up.

Subdued, Dozey asked, “Who’s telling Moses?”

“You are.”

Jim Henry threw down his armful of grass and stared at a group of wagons gathered at the bottom of the hill. He counted twenty which had formed a circular barrier around a mix of cows, oxen, riding horses, and hogs. He didn’t know what to make of the “Quakers” as Dozey called them.

Each wagon seemed to have its place. No one was idle. Tended by women and girls donned in gray dresses, white aprons and prayer caps, their fires sent billows of smoke aloft. Older girls stirred giant kettles hanging on iron crossbars across the flames. Girls his age carried babies in their arms, while mothers rushed back and forth between wagons and fires. Bearded men and boys no older than he, looked alike: tall black hats, collarless shirts, suspenders, and black trousers tucked into high, laced boots. Stern men inspected the wagon wheels and the feet of their oxen while barking orders to boys who scurried to find firewood and prairie hay. None argued nor appeared to carry fire arms. Quietly amused, Jim Henry found himself reminded of the ants he’d watched in the barn at home.

At dawn, the Quaker contingent organized their wagons, straightened the staging area back to nature's orderliness, and pulled methodically onto a trail heading opposite the rising sun. The Windriffs and Hunts, likewise, readied themselves to move forward. Dozey waited until the Quaker wagons advanced a hundred yards and then spread his arm wide motioning the remaining three wagons to fall in behind.

Crossing Illinois land of the famed Lewis and Clarke’s expedition, they found the country wild and thinly settled with Indians. Deer abounded plentifully as did quail, prairie chickens, wild turkeys, and wolves.

There was very little improvement on the few scattered farms: log cabins with no stable or any out buildings and only three or four acres of cleared land. It was in an untouched state, much like the Indiana Territory had been when his father and grandfather led settlers a generation ago to the edge of the frontier. It crossed Jim Henry's mind that each new generation seemed compelled to repeat their forefathers. 

An advantage Jim Henry's father hadn’t mentioned was that following a larger train meant the Quakers were the ones who cleared the trail of fallen trees and brush, as well as determined which of the frequent sloughs near the creeks to cross and which to skirt around.

Sometimes the sight of cattails warned them of sloughs ahead, but more frequently than they wished, they mired in gumbo and were forced to take axes and chop sticky swamp clay from the wheels before proceeding. Very little sod had been turned on the land they crossed.

Ostracized by his brothers who didn’t think he was tough enough to wrangle stray cattle, Jim Henry walked ahead reporting back to Dozey whenever Quaker wagons did something different. On the second day of his new duties, he noticed the same Quaker boy lingered behind their livestock to make sure no strays straggled behind.

When the Quaker wagons stopped to survey a particular slough, which to Jim Henry appeared the size of a small lake, the Quaker boy sat on a downed, crosswise tree, whittling a stick to a point. Jim Henry saw the boy was not disturbed by his presence and took it upon himself to call, “Halloo.”

The Quaker boy silently tipped his hat in acknowledgement, but didn’t move away. A smaller boy with similarities that marked him a member of the same family, joined the boy on the log and pointed to Jim Henry.

Near enough to be heard, Jim Henry called, “What’s ahead?”

“Slough. A big one,” answered the older boy warily glancing at his visitor. He lowered his head and continued whittling, the chips swirling like fluttering leaves to the ground.

The younger boy shouted, “Who’re thee? Why ye following us?”

"Name's Jim Henry Hunt. Going the same place you are.”

Suspicious of the circumspect answer, the older boy asked, “and where be that?”


“Where in Iowa?”

Jim Henry shrugged his shoulders. “Don’t know. Where in Iowa are you headed?”

The boy put down his knife. “Don’t know.” He picked up his freshly pointed stick and laughed. “Cephas Ellis here. And that snoop is my brother Hiram.”

“Mind if I sit?”

Cephas shifted to make room. “It’s God’s log. Ain’t mine to say.”

Jim Henry asked, “Who are those people you’re traveling with?”

“Mostly Friends from Farmers Greenfield meetinghouse up north,” Cephas answered. “Ma has a wagon and we’re with Uncle Isaac.”

“Where’s your Pa?”

“Ain’t got one.”

“What happened?”

“Died three years ago. Ma’s new husband don’t want us and we don’t want him.”

An awkward silence ensued with Cephas clamming up, and Jim Henry sorry he’d asked.

Suddenly, Cephas’s face brightened. “Do thee go rattlesnake hunting?”

“Never have. Do you?”

“Yea, sloughs are full of dens. Counted thirty rattlers in the last one. Went around them, but can’t this time. Swamp’s bigger, but Uncle says we have to go through.”

Before Jim Henry could ask more questions about snakes, gunshots erupted from the Quaker wagons. 

“Over here,” someone called.

“Vipers here.”

More gunshot.

More yells.

Twenty minutes passed riveted with a constant barrage of yells and gunfire.

Stunned, Jim Henry asked, “Why are they shooting? Indians?”

“No, not Indians,” Cephas’s voice was condescending as if the answer was evident as a bump on the nose. “Like I told thee. Rattlesnakes. Can’t move forward until we get them all.” He turned nonchalantly to his brother, “Come on Hiram, gotta go. Uncle will want us to pick them up.”

“Wait,” Jim Henry called. Only cows heard him. Cephas and his brother had disappeared into the herd.

Long into the evening the Windriff and Hunt men badgered Jim Henry to tell his story about  the gunfire.  Moses primed his rifle across his legs believing the story of the rattlesnakes a ruse.  He was certain Indians would ambush before the night was out.

Jim Henry's father gave a scurrilous eye to Moses. “Don’t you know anything? Indians don’t attack at night.”

“Then they’re hiding in the trees. Wait til morning.”

The trees looked ominous and Moses swore he saw Quaker shadows scouting the perimeter of their wagons. A cougar screamed, wolves howled. Children cried. Heavy waifs of smoke from the night fires of Quaker wagons streamed back to their wagons.  Assisted by dark clouds hiding the moon, the night was fearsome and alive.

Jim Henry sensed phantom Indians were still lodged in Moses’ stubborn head in spite of evidence to the contrary. His cousin insisted, “You can believe what you want, but no one’s sleeping over there tonight. I tell you, we’re sitting ducks for an attack.”

His father’s confidence that Moses was blowing hot air wavered. “Dozey, go over and talk to their wagon captain. Tell him we’ll help fight when the Indians attack tomorrow.”

“Not me. They haven’t said aye, yes or no to us. You ain’t using common sense. They ain’t armed for Indians. Against Penn’s religion. They got to eat. Got to hunt.”

“Wrong. You heard the shots,” Moses argued. “They’re armed for an ambush.”

Despite his usual reticence to enter into an argument, Jim Henry couldn’t remain quiet any longer. Disgusted with the talk of Indians, he said with as much distain he could muster, “I already told you they were shooting rattlesnakes.”

Both camps quieted as the moon reemerged from the dissipating clouds and moved to its early morning position in the star-studded sky. A few scant hours later, the morning drill of fires, breakfast, and hitching completed, the Quakers moved out, slowly approaching the slough one wagon at a time. At the far side of the swamp, men on horses with ropes tied to the wagons and anchored around the trees, pulled to keep the heavy wagons from bottoming out and filling with backwater.

Mounting horses, Moses and Dozey crossed the swamp and prepared to do the same when it came time for the Hunt and Windriff wagons to cross.

While waiting, Cephas and Jim Henry found each other near a towering pile of mutilated snakes, the number being the point of mutual curiosity.

“How many do you think were shot?” Jim Henry asked, his admiration for his new friend growing.

“Don’t know. Counted easily 365 when I picked them up. Thee count them, if thee wish.”

Jim Henry hesitated. A thousand wedge-shaped heads with glassy eyes beset him. Shuffling through the withered snakes with his foot, he began his ant-hill method of counting. In a few minutes he confirmed, “I get 366.”

With a perceptible intake of breath, he rushed to tell his mother. The snake dens had been in their path, no more than three hundred feet from the edge of their campsite.

To say the remainder of the trip to Iowa was uneventful would ignore the daily grind of keeping the wagons moving, grazing cattle, hunting small game, gathering brush and dried wood for stoking up fires at night, and settling arguments.  Women busied themselves preparing food and keeping small children entertained.  Few had time to knit or sew.  Jim Henry's mother bantered that she wouldn't know what to do if there weren't at least one scrape, cough, or fever a day.

After a long discussion, with Moses claiming to differ, Jim Henry's father announced that tomorrow they would cross the Mississippi River into Iowa Territory.  This knowledge came after Jim Henry told his father Cephas' uncle had said so.

"My map says different," Moses argued.  "We have at least another day before we get to the low banks of the Mississippi."

"Do what you want, but the Hunts are crossing with the Quakers," his father countered.  "Quakers know what they're doing.  They don't lie."

Faced with a difficult forging, the two groups joined in a mutual effort to assist all the wagons across the perilous river.  Working hand in hand, the differences between Jim Henry's father and Isaac Ellis became unimportant.  He soon addressed his counterpart, Brother Isaac.  Anyone looking for Jim Henry found him with Cephas.  The boys were inseparable.

After two days of the most strenuous labor any had endured, the successful wagons gathered on the west side of the Mississippi, each man collapsing from exhaustion.  None wanted to ever cross the river again.

Cephas took up whittling with Jim Henry sitting with him watching the wagons reassemble.  Cephas was jubilant.  "We're in Iowa."

"Can't tell by me.  Ain't seeing no difference.  Land, trees, and sky look the same."

"Guess I won't see you after tomorrow," Cephas said quietly, pretending not to notice the catch in his voice.

Engulfed with the sad reality of their journey together ended, Jim Henry solemnly agreed.  "Probably not ever.  At Skunk Creek, you're going east, we're going west."

Clarke County, Iowa. 1844.

A number of years later, Jim Henry and Moses settled old scores amicably and married Kilmore sisters, Eva and Zina. He and Eva struck out on their own settling on Otter Creek; by design, a sizeable distance from his father’s home place. Unlike his brothers, who lived near his father, he fended for himself—built a cabin and open-sided barn, raised livestock, and cleared a small portion of his forty acres.

Over the summer, by trading his labor with neighbors, he accumulated two milk cows and three hogs, but no oxen. A dower of three steers had been given to them by the Kilmore’s when he and Eva married. By his own brute force pulling a single plow blade, he'd managed to clear a two-acre corn patch and a small garden to satisfy Eva. His sod crop of corn had been meager, but he and Eva cut prairie grass with scythes for winter feeding and stacked it in tall mounds next to the open side of the barn. 

When an unusually warm fall threatened to turn into a nasty winter, they agreed to sacrifice one shoat to provide meat until the snow banks melted and Jim Henry could hunt in earnest for wild turkeys, quail, and small game.

Having lived in Iowa, first on his father’s home place and now on his own, he thought he was accustomed to harsh winters. But this winter was a bear, worse than any previous one in memory with non-relenting blizzards, frigid weather, and high, ice-crusted snow banks. Water froze in a matter of minutes both outside and inside the cabin.

From the first day of December, their farm was snowed in leaving Jim Henry and Eva evenings for quiet contemplation, sharing of memories, and marveling the quick way night comes in the winter. Life took over and time trapped inside their cabin dragged on in a monotonous pattern.  After supper, Jim Henry sat before the fire, smoked his pipe, and watched Eva mend shirts and socks.

So much had happened since they first came to Iowa. He remembered the Quaker wagons, Cephas Ellis and the snakes, and the emptiness for their lost friendship when the Quakers turned east to Jefferson County while they continued west to Clarke County. For the short time they'd known each other, they found much in common—a fondness for watching nature, a certain calmness within themselves, and a total dislike for arguments.

Jim Henry puffed short spurts of smoke from his pipe, his eyes reflecting a glaze back in time filled with memories.  During the last three weeks of their trek to lower Iowa, he and Cephas had been soul mates although they often said nothing.  Neither minded silence.

In quiet times when he seemed distant and lost in thought, he'd told Eva since striking out on his own, he'd  felt the aloneness of his childhood when he and Chester had watched ants in the barn.  He missed having a close friend.

 “Eva, you didn’t know him, but I hope our paths cross with Cephas and his brother some day. They were Quakers, but we were great friends.”

Jim Henry recovered his aplomb. “At least we don’t worry about our Windriff cousins.” He paused picturing a certain memory, then chuckled.  "After Moses argued it was his turn to take the lead, he drove his wagon into the slough without unloading one speck of the heavy gear.”

“Slough? What are you talking about?”

“The one with the rattlesnakes. You remember,” he gently remonstrated, “told you a million times about them.”

Catching up with Jim Henry's story which indeed she’d heard many times, she nodded at her grinning husband. “Why are you amused?”

“Providence, Eva. Providence. Their wagon tipped and took on smelly brackish water and would have sunk in the mire had not the Quakers come to their rescue with horses and ropes." Sobering at the thought of the disaster that could have happened, he sucked on his pipe pondering his thoughts but withholding his smile.  "In spite of their good will, Moses huffed off and refused to thank them or admit he’d needed their help.”

“What happened to the Windriffs?”

“Wasn’t long before the Windriff women complained about the harshness of the land. They were scared."

Eva lifted her brow indicating her question hadn't been answered.

"Oh, sorry. Moses was never far from his rifle.  He convinced them Indians would attack at any time."

"It was impossible for him to believe otherwise."  Jim Henry continued, "I remember thinking I would explode if I heard one more time Moses complaining, "Now if we were in Indiana . . .."

Although he’d been sorry for the hard feelings, Jim Henry didn’t blame his father this time when his temper got the best of him. He remembered clearly his demand when they readied their wagons to cross the Mississippi, “If you don’t want to come with us to Iowa, go home.”

Jim Henry interrupted himself, lifted an ember and paused to relight his pipe. He inhaled through the stem. The ember showed no glow.

“Tell me more.” Eva prompted, biting off between her teeth a final thread from her darned sock. She replaced the needle in its cushion and set her sewing aside.

Jim Henry patiently repositioned the ember further into the bowl of his pipe and inhaled deeper with no better result. Returning to his thoughts, he responded, “They did.”

“Did what?”

“Went home.”

With his pipe stubbornly unlit, Jim Henry changed his mind about smoking and emptied the bowl of tobacco ash in the fireplace. Undressing to his long johns, he pulled a buffalo robe over him making room for Eva to join him. “I’m freezing. Too cold for stories tonight.”

From his memories of long ago, what he realized he hadn't forgotten were the struggles that ensued between his father and him--he for recognition of his worthiness, his father for control.  Now as an adult, buried deep in nature's frozen earth, he knew that although their differences would always keep them apart, he was ready to forgive and forget. He reached his arm around Eva and whispered, "Ain't nothing going to stop us.  We'll make it."

Each morning Jim Henry fought through new snow to chip ice in the troughs and pitch prairie hay for his stock. Every night he shoveled corn, only a scoop or two, into the trough and put out hay. His bin of shucked corn was almost empty. If storms continued, he wondered what he would do when he had no more. His father’s dire warning came back like a cloudburst of rain: Without corn, humans and stock starve. He felt helpless. Worse, nature made it impossible to gather seed pods and acorns buried under the snow for hog mash.

One particularly icy night, he found one of his steers the Kilmore’s had given him missing. The gate was ajar and tracks led from the barn to the snow-covered stubble cornfield. Grabbing an axe and rope, Jim Henry followed the tracks to the edge of the field, and beyond the three fence posts still visible above the wind-blown drifts, he saw a young buffalo calf snarled neck deep and thrashing with no hope of freeing himself. A few feet away, his wayward steer struggled to stay atop the drift. With the glare of snow and ice shimmering from the backs of the animals, he almost missed seeing them. Plaintive calls from the frozen animals caught his attention.

Taking his axe, Jim Henry cut a path through the drift and lassoed one end of the rope to the buffalo calf and the other end to his steer. He placed himself in the middle position of the rope, pulled forward, and called to his steer, “Joey, come on, boy.”

Recognizing the calm voice that brought him to the barn each night, Joey edged forward tromping deep footprints in the snow.

“Come on, Joey,” he begged softly. “Just a little more. You can bring your friend.”

Joey took two steps and halted when the bison pulled back with a rebellious cry that sounded as if a volcano had traveled from his rump, through his stomach, to his throat. Jim Henry, holding his temper in check, continued to coax the steer, pulling gently on the rope. Finally, Joey proceeded slowly following Jim Henry through the cut in the bank of snow. The bison followed, first hesitantly, then lock step with Joey.

Back in the barn, Jim Henry put his steer in the same stall with the other two steers and reached to move the bison into the newly vacated space. The bison balked, jerked his head, and plunged his body forward  missing by inches his unwanted tormenter.  Temporarily frozen in shock, Jim Henry's legs numbed, his shoulders shook in fear.  Almost feeling the gore, he wiped his brow.  His heart's palpitations told him, "Close call.  Should've known better."

The berserk bison bellowed and stomped his feet, head down, the hair on his spine rigidly barbed, his back arched to repeat his charge.

Joey sounded an answering call.

The bison paused, deterred for only a moment, before butting his head forward. Sensing immediate danger of a second nasty gore, Jim Henry jumped quickly to the top of the stall. The bison hit the side with such force, Jim Henry toppled into the next stall.

Joey called, this time unmistakably yearning for his new friend. Once again the bison stopped.

“Okay, Joey,” Jim Henry said picking himself up and opening the stall gate with his foot. “Who’s your friend? Come on, boy, guess there’s room for the two of you.”

“Weird, Eva. All I can say is I’ve never seen anything so weird. Guess what’s in the barn.”

“What are you talking about?” Eva scolded, a lantern in hand. “Was worried what took you so long. I was on my way to find you.”

“That steer you insisted naming Joey was missing and when I found him, he was tangled up with a bison calf in a snow drift. The steer wouldn’t come without the bison, and when I got them to the barn, the bison wouldn’t calm down until I put Joey with him. Did you ever hear anything so strange?”

“A bison in a stall? Aren’t they too wild for that?”

“Eva, he’s as big as the steer, but only a calf. Not sure how he got into our field. With five foot drifts, I guess he could’ve walked right over the fence.”

Eva nodded. “Makes sense with snow covering their forage, buffalo would drift closer to us. But a cow wouldn’t leave her calf. No mother would. You thinking the calf was lost or worse, his mother killed?”

Jim Henry lowered his head, his eyes wincing at the thought, and nodded sadly. “Wolves howl both day and night. Winter’s a killer. Everything wild is hungry.”

The following day, Jim Henry paced the floor, looking out the window every hour hoping the blizzard had eased.  "If it isn't new snow, it's the damn wind blowing drifts over where I shoveled yesterday."  He had tried to worry quietly to not upset Eva, but he had seen the bottom of the corn bin and counted the days until it would be empty. He continued to pace.

"Can't you find something to do besides worry? I know it seems futile to try to keep a path open to the barn." She touched his shoulder, "Think of spring, by March, this’ll be over.”

“That’s only part of the point. Two acres won’t be enough. Have to find some way to plow more prairie.” He rubbed his back and groaned. “I can't do it myself without oxen.”

“Talk to the Bakkers, maybe Jake will loan you his oxen for a week.”

“Ain’t likely. Has his own plowing to do. They got the same snow we did."

Jim Henry bundled up, buttoning his heavy coat and pulling down the flaps of his cap to cover his ears.  He squeezed his large hands into gloves, the tips worn through exposing his fingers to the bitter cold. "Time to shovel again. Cows to milk.”

Eva stood by the door ready to push it shut once Jim Henry braved the gusty wind to leave. “Don’t worry, you’ll think of something. You always do.”

Entering the barn, he found the buffalo calf was up to old tricks. He bellowed, charged the gate, and reared back with his hind legs daring Jim Henry to come closer. It was obvious, only the presence of Joey kept him from tearing the stall apart. “You ungrateful son-of-a-gun, I ought to put you out in the cold and see what you think then.”

Joey called. The buffalo calf stopped kicking but defiantly shook his head back and forth. Jim Henry stepped out of the way and pondered his new challenge, studying the calf from all directions. With edgy nervousness, he began to observe what was in the calf's mind and what tormented his soul. The buffalo was a hell of a lot bigger than the ants in his father’s barn, but since it was too early to do anything in the fields, he decided to tame the buffalo to behave in the stall and not go into a frenzy when he came each morning.

Forced to carry on a conversation with himself, he missed Chester.  First of all, the buffalo needed a name.

Bill, came to mind. Short and sweet. A liberated buffalo. Damn shitter doesn’t warrant a family name and certainly no relative, even Moses, would want to be associated with such a beast.

He continued musing his options, focusing on regaining his patience with animals.  “Okay, Bill it is. Joey and Bill.” He reached over and rubbed Joey’s flank. “That all right with you, Joey?”

He dipped into the bin and pulled out an ear of corn, shelling off a few kernels. Joey nuzzled the palm of his hand for the corn. “See, Bill, Joey’s a gentleman.”

He shelled a few more kernels and took a step towards Bill. The buffalo shook violently and butted against the side of the stall, his hind legs splayed like a bronco.

“Whoa! No call for that.” Jim Henry backed away, jumping quickly to the top of the stall.  "More time you need, is it?"

“Okay, Bill, don’t have enough corn for you anyway. Have it your way.” He was about to stalk away when he looked into the buffalo’s terrified eyes. “Why, Bill, you ain’t mean, you’re scared.”

Bill edged over to Joey and rubbed his nose between Joey’s hind legs. Jim Henry laughed, “He ain’t got nothing for you. Shoulda known.  You’re a baby who wants his mama.”

He continued to sit a safe distance from Bill.  After ten minutes, when Bill seemed calmer, he inched over closer humming a tune that had no words. With visible tremors, Bill took notice, snorted, but didn’t move. Another ten minutes, inches closer, Jim Henry kept up his humming and soothing banter. “Atta boy. Ain’t no one’s gonna hurt you.” When he was within reach, he leaned over to touch the buffalo on his neck. Manifesting his terror, Bill jerked, arching his back.

“Okay, okay. Ain’t ready yet. Enough for today.”

After repeating the first day for two more days, Bill let Jim Henry touch his neck as long as he didn’t lean too close from his sitting position on the stall. On the fourth day, Jim Henry slid to the floor and stood motionless, purposely not touching the buffalo. He watched Bill’s every muscle in order to leap out of the way should Bill decide to give a deadly kick with his hind legs. Suspicious and wary, Bill watched, but chose not to butt or kick.

“Good boy, tomorrow we’ll try hay.”

Anxious to see what Bill would do when offered hay, Jim Henry was disappointed.  Bill turned his head ignoring him and the hay. Quietly watching Bill twitch, he feared the buffalo's wild instincts would erupt at any moment. With muscles rippling over his flanks, Bill snorted, his tail switching back and forth like a cat eying a mouse.

Jim Henry turned his attention to Joey who occupied himself eating hay. Moments later, Bill edged over, lowered his head and took a first bite of Joey’s hay. They made grunting noises together. Jim Henry thought the two of them were conspiring at his expense.

Not willing to give up the challenge he'd set for himself, he took a few kernels of corn and first let Joey nuzzle his hand. Next he took a few more kernels and tempted Bill. The buffalo didn't respond. Jim Henry  raised the stakes—he put three kernels of corn on the top lip of the trough within reach of Bill and stood off to the side. Bill watched but did nothing.

Disgusted with his stubborn buffalo, Jim Henry bent to pitch more hay to Joey.  After tossing the hay, he glanced to the trough. The three kernels were missing. Joey faced the opposite direction proving himself innocent.  Upon looking squarely at Bill, Jim Henry saw the buffalo’s jaw moving up and down, unmistakably chewing the kernels. 

“You sneak. You ornery sneak.”

When Jim Henry gently slapped his approval on Bill's rear flank, the subdued Bill bent his head as if expecting more corn on the trough. Instead, Jim Henry pitched him hay and left the steer and the buffalo standing side by side eating amicably as if a team of horses.

On the way out, he stumbled over a useless yoke he’d bartered from Jake Bakker, picked it up, slung it on a peg out of the way, and hurried to the cabin to tell Eva that Bill had eaten corn and hay in the stall.

Jim Henry spent the remainder of February going to the barn, giving both Joey and Bill meager portions of corn and forks of hay.  He made note of Bill's daily progress, and pondered what else he could do to tame his buffalo. He walked between them, rubbed their necks, and slapped their flanks in a friendly manner when he needed them to move.

The rib bones on his scraggly animals showed lack of feed, but so far he’d managed to keep them alive. The last day of February brought the long awaited break:  snow melted, weather cleared, and underneath, green shoots sprouted on the awakening prairie.  Soon his stock could be let out to pasture.

“When you putting them out?” Eva asked. “Scratched the ground near the henhouse.  Below, it's still frozen. Need a few more days of sunshine. Do you suppose Bill will run off once he’s free of the barn?”

“Been worrying me. Tomorrow will tell. He’s wild, could do most anything. Hope he doesn't leave. I’d miss him.”

Eve commiserated. “After the hours you’ve spent with him, I’d think indeed you’d miss him.”

At dawn, Jim Henry went to the barn not knowing whether this would be the last time he’d find Bill and Joey waiting. He was dismayed. He'd let himself become emotional over the fate of the bison. Looking beyond the pasture to the wide prairie he envisioned herds of buffalo waiting to bring one of their own back into their fold. His heart wasn’t in it, but he finished milking and slowly opened the gate for the cows to parade single file into the pasture. The two steers followed with Joey and Bill the last to leave. Joey broke into a run, leaving a confused Bill undecided and lingering like a child waiting permission from his mother. Jim Henry could tell Bill had developed a hankering for hand-fed hay and corn and was bewildered to be on his own.

On one hand he wanted to watch to see what Bill did, but on the other, he didn’t want to see Bill run away. Miserable, he turned his back to the pasture and forced himself to grab his shovel. “Got stalls to muck.”

After Jim Henry finished, he headed to the house for his usual coffee, hot biscuits, and elderberry jam. Eva stood at the kitchen door pointing to the pasture. Spread throughout the small field were his cows and steers, and in the middle Bill grazed showing every semblance of being at home.

Eva laughed. “Seems like Bill adopted us.” She picked up a second pail of potatoes she’d saved in the cave for planting and followed Jim Henry into the kitchen. Spread across the table were cut potato pieces with at least one eye showing. A crock of soaking peas and a dirt-filled wood box of sprouted cabbage plants covered the chairs leaving Jim Henry no place to sit.

Leaning against the wall, he knew what Eva was about to say, and before she had a chance to ask, he said, “I’ll plow your garden first.” Pains shot through his back just thinking about it. He muttered under his breath, “Damn, we need oxen so bad I can taste it.” He reached for the rasp from the shelf above the stove and forced a smile. “Garden’s right after I sharpen the blade.”

Contrary to the slow moving days when they were snowed in, this day rushed by like spring run-off in the creek. It was dusk when he finally called the cattle back to the barn. He shoveled the last of the corn into the trough. As if framed in a mirror, Joey and Bill stood side by side under the yoke hanging on the wall. Unplanned, Jim Henry's mind didn’t know what his hands were doing—he lifted the yoke down from its peg and placed it over the necks of the steer and the buffalo. Neither animal moved while he squirmed to the front and firmly latched the yoke. He picked up the lead traces and yelled, “Hie.”

To his amazement, Joey and Bill moved in tandem from the stall to the opened gate leading past the haystack to the pasture. With Jim Henry trailing behind holding the long traces, cracking the straps right and left, the team responded and circled the haystack before being led back to their stall.

“I’ll be damned,” was all he could say.


For those who wonder whatever happened to Bill, it is a tragic story. Once introduced to corn, the tamed wild beast became hopelessly addicted, much like an old, red-eyed sot dependent on his bottle of barley mash. He couldn't help himself. After a day of plowing, he eagerly ate his corn and pushed Joey out of the way for his. Corn stored in the back of a wagon wasn't safe—he shook the wagon and pushed at the ears until enough fell to the ground. Jim Henry knew even if his buffalo died, if he were to put out corn, it would be gone. Bill's guiding angel would find a way. 

Bill ate more than the three steers. Jim Henry complained to Eva, "Calf's a glutton and will eat us all the way to the poor house."

After his team mastered the skill of plowing forward in a straight row, Jim Henry felt more than compensated for Bill's hungry appetite.  He enjoyed the stares of passer-bys and told Bill's story over and over to his kin and anyone else who'd listen.

Two years later a new neighbor settled in.  Then trouble started. 

Bill discovered the neighbor's corn field next to Jim Henry's pasture. It didn't take long for him to figure out how to butt against the fence and knock through an opening. Like all addictions, he sought more and more corn until the neighbor no longer remained quiet. The neighbor, suffering from large amounts of stolen corn, was livid. The unstoppable Bill had to be stopped.

The neighbor loaded his rifle and stomped over to Jim Henry to carry out his intended business. Jim Henry pleaded for Bill’s life and promised he’d fix the fence and hobble Bill in the barn. He made restitution for the damaged corn and assured his neighbor the buffalo would no longer be at liberty to wander when and where he pleased.

A week later nearing dusk, the neighbor spotted a large dark shadow pass through his fence stomping down stalks and taking ear after ear of corn. A hobble hung loose from his left hind leg, the right leg free. Raw nails protruded from torn fence rails. There was no chance the intruder was a bear, raccoon, feral hog, or other animal. He shot one warning bullet in the air and yelled. The tamed dark figure didn’t look up from his feast. The furious neighbor, finding no mitigating circumstances to forestall action, raised his rifle to his shoulder and fired.

The liberty bell around Bill’s neck rang for the last time. The zing of the rifle bullet ended his life.

Prominently affixed over the top of the barn door hangs a worn leather collar with a bell that rings in the wind in memory of a unique beast of burden. Cut in wood nailed below the collar is a marker, “BILL.”


Monday, August 6, 2012


Part 1
The Apple Wagon

Rachel squinted her eyes against the glare of the sun to see the lone rider beyond the gate where husband Henry stood, his arms gesturing widely, both men deep in conversation. With the visitor’s face half stripped from view by shadows, she did not fully recognize him. In the intervening distance between the clothesline, sagging with dripping clothes and bed sheets, and the wooden gate, she thought him to be Elder Isaiah. Immediately apprehensive, she felt a quickening of her heart. Lone riders coming through their gate meant messages, godly commands that could not be ignored.

Why now? Why in the throes of the Eleventh Month?

She grimaced, hoping the rider was not Elder Isaiah. Couldn’t be a shipment. Shipments were out of season just as fresh peas from the garden were months away. Throwing the last of the overalls over the frayed rope clothesline, she straightened her back, her brows gathered, to verify the half-hidden face was that of the Elder. She sloshed the wash bucket, turned it upside down to drain, and slowly approached the gate. Before she reached Henry, the rider tipped his black, broad-brimmed hat, cropped his horse, and sped away in the direction of the meeting house, an unadorned structure standing on the next hill among old burned stumps dotting a narrow clearing.

                                                     Farmers Greenfield Academy
                                                                           Photo by Bobi Andrews

Henry called after the departing rider, “God be with thee.”

“Pray, was that who I fear he was?” Rachel asked, an edge of irritation in her voice. She resented Henry being so secretive that she must ask before he would share what she had a right to know. Widowed with three children before submitting to the Meeting’s demand she remarry, she now was pregnant with Henry’s child.

“’Twas Elder Isaiah. Shipment’s coming. Left Vincennes yesterday, arrived in Terre Haute today. Will be in Crawfordville next.”

Henry, a committed Friend, but a demanding and ill-tempered Dutchman, turned his gaze abruptly to Rachel with more than a hint of sarcasm in his voice, “Isaiah says it’s thy turn.”

Anxiety crossed Rachel’s brow. She suppressed words she would like to have uttered and listened to Henry only long enough to ask, “By night or by day?”

“Been by night as far as Terre Haute. Followed the Wabash. Thy leg will be in daylight. No cover. Brush and trees along the Flint are frozen bare and no high banks to hide under. Have to move by wagon on the road.”

Trees by Flint Creek
Photo by Bobi Andrews

Rachel swallowed hard. “’Tis too late in the year for a shipment, is it not?”

“Woman,” he snapped, “Thou knowst God’s will must be done.” His was the voice of zealot obedience, not of a compassionate heart.

“But Husband, I cannot go and thou cannot take my place.” She frowned her dismay, recognizing the transport was beyond her will to change. “Thou narrowly escaped the last time. In daylight, thou will be recognized and all will be lost.”

“Wouldn’t go anyway. Corn’s rotting in the field. I cannot spare a day.”

She rubbed the roundness of her stomach, her lips parting tentatively as if she might change her mind and go. Instead, she shrugged hopelessly. “It’s too late in my term, I cannot go. What will we do?”

He didn’t respond right away, then answered, his word alone settling the issue. “Thou must send thy daughter.”

“Thou cannot be serious. She is but thirteen.”

“She’s no child. Old enough to wed,” he grunted. “Thy daughter is stout and strong as a well rope. She’s driven field wagons before, this will be no different. No one will suspect her.”

Rachel flashed her eyes in disagreement not believing his words, her passion escaping like molten ash from her tongue. “Do not make me send her.”

In a tone impossible to please, he commanded, “Thou has no choice. It’s God’s journey. Crawfordville is south of here. Slave hunters know runaways don’t travel south. Nothing will happen.”

“If thou promises she shan’t fall into harm . . ..” Her voice tapered off. She turned, calling to the house, “Sarah Ann.”


I heard my name. Moments before, while collecting eggs, I had seen through the grimy frosted window of the chicken house the visitor’s horse disappearing into the trees and sensed something of importance was about to happen.

To listen to everything Father Henry said to Mother, I dashed to my hiding place, crouching behind a fallen sycamore tree, which was dead beyond redemption and had splintered the rail of the house fence.

I knew of what they spoke. When Papa was alive, he and Mother, like Brothers and Sisters of faith, abhorred slavery . . . mankind’s abominable sin. Papa’s deep, mellow voice echoed in my head. “No man shall own another man. It’s God’s will to deliver to freedom those in bondage.” In our house, taking turns in the spring and summer hiding shipments from the tree-lined creek and traveling north to Canada was as common as cornbread mush and buttermilk at supper. We thought the secret cellar under our barn and the slanted vacant spaces between walls in our closets nothing unusual.

We knew the danger and the secret codes. When we were little, my brothers and I pretended to be slaves crawling from the creek in the middle of the night to the hiding place in the barn’s cellar. We knew when Papa expected a gathering from Flint Creek. Told to be absolutely quiet, we hurried to bed, stumbling without candles, with heavy curtains drawn tight across the windows.


At Mother’s call, I ran from behind the sycamore tree. “I want to go,” I begged. “I’m the oldest. Others my age go. Papa said he drove his first wagon when he was eight.”

“But Sarah Ann, not unmarried girls and not alone. God forbid,” Mother argued, her quivering voice thin, her eyes narrowing. “Ungodly men are on the road and thou could not protect thyself. They are not like thy father.”

“If brother Cephas goes, I won’t be alone. He’ll ride in back while I drive. He’s practiced the signals, hoots like a real owl, and won’t be afraid. Elder Isaiah left his wagon in our barn after the last delivery knowing we’re next. We know about the boards in the bed of the wagon and how the box works.”

“A mere girl traveling with a ten-year-old boy?” She wrung her hands, her eyes distraught and uncertain. She turned to Father Henry. “I don’t know, Henry, there is so much danger. I don’t believe for a moment men hunting runaways have left us.”

Father Henry’s sharp frown and hard-set eyes forbade further argument. He pointed to Mother. “Shipment originated from thy people on the Ohio and got this far along the Wabash sheltered by thy Vincennes brother. Thy brother in Crawfordville will make the transfer. All thy daughter has to do is find his barn. He ought to be willing to have one of his sons ride back with her.”

Mother shook her head slowly, showing disgust that he spoke harshly, not in fellowship of faith and love. I saw the hard look she gave him, but without further word, she turned her steps back to the porch where the wash tub remained. Following the secret code didn’t require a second thought for any of us. From the bench Mother took the faded safe-house quilt—the one stitched with a cabin and smoking chimney—and reluctantly hung it next to her wash on the clothesline. Finishing the code, she overturned a nearby kettle.

Elder Isaiah would now know arrangements were complete.


“Is this necessary?” I asked. Although the sun had been up for an hour, silvery streaks of frost clung to the top of the barn where I had sent Cephas to hitch the Elder’s wagon, loaded with apples, to a pair of mules. “Really, Mother, isn’t it more important Cephas and I get an early start?”

“Everything is important. Thou hast to look older. Brush up thy hair so my bonnet will cover. A little ash dust will gray thy hair and make thy face older. My dress will cover thy ankles and legs, and these rags in thy bosom will lower thy breasts. Whatever happens, don’t let thyself be taken from the wagon.”

I saw Mother force a smile that aged her by sending wrinkles of worry up her cheeks and around her eyes. From the tone of her voice, I knew she wasn’t finished with her warnings.

“If a slave hunter asks where thou is going, what is thy answer?”

“Mother, we’ve practiced this over and over already. I’ll say, I’m taking the apples to my uncle to sell in Crawfordville.”

Mother persisted. “And where is thy husband?”

“I have no husband. My father’s dead, died last year. The boy is my brother.”

“And thou knowst how to get to Uncle John’s barn?”

“Aye, and don’t tell me, Mother, I know not to let anyone follow me there.”

“And what will thou do if followed?”

“Go to the Crawfordville meeting house and wait until it’s safe.”

Tears formed in Mother’s eyes. She touched my shoulder, the back of her hand gnarled beneath reddened, chapped skin. “Oh, Sarah Ann, I don’t know if I can let thee go.”

“Mother, just pray. Cephas and I will be fine.”

“Time to go,” I called to Cephas standing near the loaded wagon. “Tie Rolfe to the tree.”

“Nay, I’m bringing him. He’s a good tracker and guard dog. He’ll ride in back with me.” I suspected he wanted to take advantage of Rolfe’s thick fur to keep him warm.

I pointed to the bottom box of the wagon. “What if he barks on our way home when we have the shipment with us?”

“He won’t bark. I trained him to stay quiet when I tell him to ‘stay.’ We’d better leave before Father Henry notices him missing.”

Cephas jumped on the tailgate hugging Rolfe next to him. In all honesty, I thought a dog would help more than ashes in my hair.

“Is thou settled and the apples piled to cover the bottom?”

Cephas crawled to the back board behind me. “Aye, sister.”

“Then we’re off.” I wrapped my scarf over my mouth to buffer the wind and entered the road thinking the trip would be a good time for Cephas and me to be alone away from Father Henry’s continual complaints.

Cephas read my mind. “Thank thee, Sister, for asking that I come along. If I weren’t here with thee, I’d be slopping hogs and cutting cornstalks.”

“Me, too,” I grinned. “Keep a keen eye, and pray nothing happens before we get back home.”

A two-pony wooden truss appeared ahead to provide passage across Flint Creek. Below the structure, small areas of cleared banks allowed for fishing. Beyond was a wedge of trees, tangled and overgrown with dried vines, their leafless skeletons darkening the sunlight. “It’s when we get into those trees that it gets scary.” I cautioned, “Watch out. Anything and anyone could hide in there.”

“I used to get scared when Papa took us to Uncle John’s.” For a boy of ten, Cephas had a good memory and an equally good imagination. “Once we’re in the trees it’s like being swallowed by a big grizzly bear—no way out.”

I tried not to imagine the picture he was describing. Instead, I stared at a distant oak tree wondering whether I saw a blackbird or a large dead leaf outlined on one of the branches. The leaf lifted its wings and flew away leaving me with the truth: bears haunted these woods along with screeching bobcats and howling wolves. Shuddering, I pulled my cape closer to my chest and glanced both ways.

At the edge of the trees, an empty hay wagon emerged with two Friends from the Meeting wearing tall, round brim hats which matched their long black beards. They waved, “Halloo, Sister.” I pulled our wagon closer to the edge of the road to let them pass. Rolfe barked as their wagon rolled on.

My nerves settled, and I flicked the reins to spur the mules. I put the grizzly bear nonsense behind me but resolved to get through the woods as fast as I could. I turned to talk with Cephas when suddenly my courage bled away like a hog hung from a hook. I felt my face drain to a ghostly white. But it wasn’t ghosts ahead. Two men blocked the wagon path, rifles in hand, their appearance filthy as if they lived permanently on their horses. Dark creased hats with pheasant feathers in the bands covered their straggly hair, and tucked-in, ragged trousers topped soiled boots. One spat to the ground while the other’s eyes darted from side to side finally resting a licentious gaze on me.

I swallowed hard and looked for an opening in the woods, but like Cephas’s fearsome imagination, there was no escape. Thankfully, they had not seen him.

I whispered over my shoulder, “Cephas, stay under the seat. Don’t say a word.”

The taller of the men advanced, forcing me to halt. With a dry laugh and a guttural sound emerging from his throat, he demanded, “Whoa, what do we have here? One of those quaking cowards?” His mouth turned to a sneer. “Where you going, Sweetheart?”

I resented his attitude. We were the Society of Friends, not quaking heathens. With Mother’s voice ringing in my ear, I summoned courage. “To my Uncle’s with our apples.”

“Apples? You wouldn’t be hauling anything else would you?”

I met his accusing gaze and answered firmly, “Nay, only harvest apples.”

He held my eyes, my fears growing as his eyes narrowed, showing his suspicion. “And where might this uncle live?”

“Crawfordville,” I answered, then regretted giving him that information.

The two men rode slowly around my wagon stopping abruptly when they spied Cephas sunk down in the apples next to the back board behind me. The taller man raised his whip. “If you know what’s good for you, Boy, you’ll show yourself.”

“Please, he’s my little brother. Don’t hurt him.”

“Now that depends, Sweetheart, on how friendly you are, don’t it, Otis?”

“That’s right, Jeb.” He rubbed his chin with anticipation. “You first.”

Jeb dismounted with a cocky smile, reached for the side of the wagon, and thrust his hand over the top to grab Cephas by the coat.

A fierce growl erupted and a mouthful of sharp teeth seized the man’s sleeve, drawing a gush of bright red blood from deep in his arm.

“What the Sam Hill? Get the damn dog off me,” he shouted. “Otis, hand me my rifle. This dog’s dead meat.”

Cephas’s quivering voice whispered, “Stay, Rolfe, stay.” He pulled Rolfe against his shoulder, hugging his neck to protect him. Rolfe growled viciously.

I screamed. A flock of alarmed birds burst from a tree. “We aren’t armed. Let us go.”

With the sound of hooves echoing at a distance, I saw dust filtering through the trees ahead. Minutes later, the noise of galloping horses grew louder although we saw nothing on the road. In unison, Cephas and I yelled, “Help!”

Jeb put the rifle between his knees and cocked it with his good arm. He aimed at Rolfe. Startled by our outcry, he paused a moment before firing. From around the bend, three horsemen raced, hollered, and fired rifles. Otis grabbed Jeb and pulled him onto his waiting horse. Racing past my wagon, they fled in the opposite direction from the approaching horsemen.

Three riders halted. The lead rider dismounted, his gray gentlemen’s coat frayed, but presentable.

“Ya’all hurt?” he inquired, his voice a friendly drawl.

“Nay,” I said. I took a deep breath and steadied my voice. “Bandits.”

My relief was short lived. His next question set my heart pounding. “You see any runaways around here?”

A new fear streaked straight through my body, head to toe. A lump in my throat grew, choking me like a rope tightening about my neck. I barely managed my response. “Nay, no runaways. Brother and I are on our way to Crawfordville to my uncle’s to sell apples. Haven’t seen anyone but the two bandits ye chased away.”

He held me in his gaze for a minute and suggested gently, “Mind if I ride with you to Crawfordville? Ain’t safe for a lady and a boy alone. Going that direction anyway. You could run into more bandits.”

I hoped he didn’t feel my reluctance when I nodded my assent. Saved from bandits by a southern gentleman. But a slave hunter? I had to keep my wits and figure a way to get rid of him before Crawfordville. The meeting house was at least six miles away, Crawfordville maybe four.

The rider nodded for the other two to proceed on their way, tied his large, dappled gray appaloosa to the wagon, and climbed onto the front board beside me, sitting so close, I felt heat coming from his body. Without looking directly at me, he tipped his hat and announced, “Judson Claymore.”

I bent my body forward and turned my head to let Mother’s bonnet shade my face. I felt perspiration cake the ashes and imagined how hideous I looked. I expected he’d discover the truth any minute. Rolfe snarled.

“Cephas, keep Rolfe quiet. Gentleman means no harm.”

To distract him from focusing on the apples in the wagon and maybe suspecting the false bottom, I struck up a conversation. “And where, Mr. Claymore, might thou be from?”

“Lexington, Kentucky.” He handed me a poster. “Looking for this here Toby and his sister. Ran away two months ago. We tracked them to the Wabash but lost their trail after Vincennes. Suspect some abolitionist has them.” He looked at me slyly, a scowl of annoyance passing over his face. “Maybe your kin, huh?”

“Oh nay, wouldn’t be us. My mother farms corn and wheat and has an orchard for apples.”

“No father?”

“He died. Just my brothers and me besides my mother.”

Claymore removed his hat and placed it over his heart. “Ma’am, my deepest regards for your loss.”


“Thought you said Crawfordville. You missed the turn.”

“Should have said outside Crawfordville. We’re to meet Uncle at the meeting house. His creek usually overflows and he’ll help us get through.” The road widened and Crawfordville lay to the left. Now or never, I thought. I tried to imagine what Mother would say.

“I thank thee for staying with us, but once at the meeting house, we’ll be safe. We wouldn’t want to keep thee from thy search any longer.”

“When I see you safe at the meeting house, I’ll see.” He persisted, “A gentleman never leaves a lady on a road alone.” A small voice warned me. Claymore was a stranger, the kind Mother preached to me about, but with the concern I heard in his voice, I thought him sincere. Strangely, I didn’t fear he would harm Cephas and violate me.

In a few short miles, a desolate meeting house loomed, the windows boarded with shutters against winter blizzards, no smoke rose from the chimney. I knew we were alone and imagined Claymore would soon realize no one expected us. To my relief, he said nothing.

“Cephas, we’re here.” Ignoring the obvious, I called, “See if you can find Uncle John.”

“Not here yet, yard’s empty,” Cephas responded, a knowing tone in his voice.

“We did say sundown. He must be on the road. Gives us time to make our prayers.” I climbed from the wagon and tied the mules to a rusty ring on a post. I swished Mother’s skirt confidently and tossed my head. “Come, Cephas, bring Rolfe.”

We entered the cold, darkened meeting room. Our breaths fogged from our mouths as we rubbed our cold hands together. I found two short candle stubs with flint and tow on a worship table and scraped a light to see beyond the door. I gave one to Cephas and motioned for him to follow me to the front pew where we sat with our heads bowed. I prayed the Lord forgive my falsehoods, and that the slave hunter didn’t know women were forbidden to sit on the men’s side. Claymore stood awkwardly inside the door shifting from one foot to another. He watched us for a minute or two, then turned and left. We heard his horse whinny.

“Sister, what will we do? Candles won’t last. It’ll be dark and we have no lantern. I’m freezing.”

“We’ll stay the night right here and sleep in the pew. Bring wood for the stove while I still have my candle lit, and turn over the kettle on the step. Tie Rolfe by the door to guard us. Thou can’t be that scared.” I turned my challenge into a tease. “Are thee?”

Pews in Farmers Greenfield Academy
Photo by Bobi Andrews
“Not scared, Sister, just hungry.”

“We won’t starve, Cephas.” I tousled his hair and smiled. “We’re safe. The Lord hath provided.”

“Provided what?”

For the first time since leaving home, I relaxed and laughed, “We got apples, a whole wagon of them.”

A sheepish grin crossed Cephas’s face.


The next morning, Uncle John greeted us with a solemn, kindly face, typical of Mother’s brothers. A devout believer in God’s inner light, and stern in manner, he was my favorite of all the uncles.

“I worried for thee, Sarah Ann. Expected thee last night. Was there trouble, now?”

“Aye. Bandits stopped us first and then slave hunters drove them off, but one of them insisted on riding with us. I couldn’t let him follow us here, so we stopped at the meeting house. Started this morning at dawn and saw no sign of him.”

“Is thou all right? I mean, the slaver didn’t . . .” Uncle John paused and groped for words.

I knew what he was asking. “Nay, Justin Claymore didn’t touch either Cephas or me. Seemed only interested in his slaves.”

Cephas slid from the rear of the wagon boasting, “We slept on pews and ate apples. Weren’t scared at all.”

“Brave boy.” Uncle John winked at me. “Thy cousin James spotted the overturned kettle this morning. Hoped it was thee in the area. Far as I know, this shipment is the only one moving in Crawfordville.” He extended his hand to help me lower myself to the ground. “How is my sister? No child, yet?”

“Mother says soon. She’s not pleased I came, but she had no choice.”

“I would agree with thy mother. Dangerous business this is. Shipment is a young buck and his sister. Knows nothing of Indiana and wasn’t taught to read. Won’t make it far on his own. Sister is blind from a beating about her head. Boy said he ran from the plantation to save her. I can load them without ye seeing them, if thou prefer.”

“Nay, I don’t consider God’s mission the same as hauling hogs. Of course, Cephas and I want to see them.”

“Then come along. I’ll send thee back with fire wood in case the same slavers spy thee. Wouldn’t do to return with apples.”

I followed Uncle John to his barn and watched him lift hay from the floor with his hayfork. He took the handle and pried it under a loose board, catching a small door rising from a hidden swivel.

“Dark and damp down there. Barely room to sit. How do they breathe?” I asked.

“That’s why they can’t stay long in any one place. I give them food and move them on just like ye will do.”

He toggled the door on the floor and stretched his hand below. “Hand up thy sister first.”

He pulled on an extended arm. A curly-headed girl of ten emerged, wrapped in a blanket, with vacant eyes and scars etched deep in her forehead. Frightened, she whimpered.

“Don’t cry, Sunshine, I’m behind you,” a voice came from below.

I pulled the girl next to me under the crook of my arm.

“Catch thy foot on the rope while I pull thee up,” Uncle John said to the body climbing from the cellar.

A young boy, desperately acting like a man, braced his hands on the barn floor and pushed himself the rest of the way, shading his forehead to see in the bright light. He lowered his eyes, turned his face toward me, and reached to comfort Sunshine. He was no older than me.

I gasped. I stood face to face with a tall, skinny boy with round eyes, unevenly clipped hair, a scar near his left ear, and thick, protruding lips—the spitting image of the drawing on the poster Judson Claymore showed me yesterday.

Uncle John looked askance. “What’s the matter, Sarah Ann? Something wrong?”

“He’-s-s Toby,” I stuttered, “Claymore’s runaway.” In that instant I knew the difference in danger between an unknown fugitive running, and another, the target of the owner who rode in my wagon yesterday and still lurked in the area. The distance between here and home seemed a thousand miles. I felt helpless.

“Mother wants me to ask thee if James can ride back with us.”

Uncle John rubbed his chin. “With Claymore in the area, that does put a different slant on things. He knows thee, and if he looks hard, he’ll find what he’s looking for. I wouldn’t suspect thee would find him a gentleman the second time.”

“Then James can come back with us?” I heaved an enormous sigh of relief.

“I can’t do it. A cow’s down and James tends her night and day. Can’t afford to lose her calf. I hadn’t planned on sending anyone or I would have taken Rachel’s turn myself.”

“But Uncle John, the slave hunter . . .”

“For now, take these two and have your Aunt Hannah fix them something to eat while I think about it.”

A few minutes later, James and Uncle John entered the kitchen where Aunt Hannah sliced hard bread and added chunks of jerky and dried pumpkin rings to small cloth bags.

James spoke. “Ma, fix me a bag, too. I’m going with Sarah Ann and Cephas until they’ve passed beyond the woods.”

“But no further,” Uncle John scowled. “Thou hast to be back before dark.” He grumbled below his breath. “Henry should be doing this, not us.” Unhappy with the unexpected turn of events, he slammed the kitchen door and motioned for Toby and Sunshine to follow.

Cephas held the traces of the mules with the wagon stopped near the wood pile. At the sight of Toby and Sunshine, Rolfe wagged his tail and gave a friendly bark.

“Cephas, shut that dog up and give me a hand,” Uncle John ordered. “Get on that end and slide the board toward me.”

He scanned Toby’s tall frame, his eyes moving slowly from head to foot. “It will be a tight fit, thou art taller than most and the girl has to squeeze in beside thee.”

“We’ll fit, Suh.” Toby crawled in from the back of the wagon doubling his long legs into the short, narrow space. He called, “Sunshine, ready for you.”

“I’ll help,” Cephas offered. “I know she ain’t seeing where she’s supposed to be.

Sunshine, thy place is beside Toby so thou will be safe.” He put Sunshine’s hand in Toby’s. Fitting like spoons, Toby squeezed his sister in front of him.

I placed two small bags of food in Sunshine’s lap with two rags dripping with water. “Suck on the rags if ye get thirsty.”

James and Uncle John replaced the wagon boards, and with Cephas, quickly loaded the chopped wood. Cephas crawled on top of the pile with Rolfe furiously pawing through the stacked wood.

“That dog’s trouble,” James said. “Get him down from there. Let him run loose.”

“No, James,” I said, “Claymore knows him, too. He’s apt to spot Rolfe roaming before he sees us. Tie him here with me. He’ll sleep under the seat.”

James mounted his horse. “Keep thy pace slow and steady. Sometimes I’ll be ahead of thee, sometimes I’ll follow.”

I snapped the reins and the wagon moved forward.

With James nearby, I looked about as we entered the woods just north of Crawfordville. Somehow, the shadows from the trees didn’t look as frightening. The things that were supposed to be there were—birds, squirrels, and a rabbit that sent Rolfe pulling at his rope and barking.

“Cephas, come sit by me and keep Rolfe quiet. Don’t see no one, but can’t take a chance someone might hear him.”

James approached. “Smell smoke. Maybe a campfire. I’ll go see. Won’t be gone long.”

“Did thou hear horses?” I asked.

“Nay, just smells like smoke over there in that haze. Probably nothing, always a haze in the woods.”

The feeling of suspense returned and my ear tuned in every noise. Branches crackled, chilly breezes ruffled leaves. The shade from the trees drew shadows that appeared more like men than branches. I thought I heard a whinny. I didn’t know which was worse—bandits or Claymore. Every once in a while I heard sounds from the box and told myself it was probably Toby easing a cramp. Worse for them. I wondered what they might be thinking. I looked at Cephas and thought how strange—Cephas and me free on the outside, and Toby and Sunshine, just like us, cramped in a box seeing nothing. We were the same age. Such a difference, yet I was as scared as they must be for what lay ahead.

I heard hooves. I turned and saw James returning from the rear. “Campfire, but nothing unusual. A man and his son dove hunting. We may hear their shots later.” He pointed to the bottom of the wagon, “How they doing?”

“Don’t know. They haven’t called.”

James rode to the side of the wagon and tapped twice with the hilt of his riding crop.

Two taps answered.

“Guess fine for now. Got four more miles of woods, and then thou will be clear the rest of the way.” James moved ahead, peering both ways through the trees. He pointed forward with his arms and cropped his horse into a gallop.

“Where’s he going?” I asked.

“To the edge of the woods, probably to check on the fields ahead,” Cephas responded.

“At least we’ll know the way across the fields is clear before he leaves us.” I tried to laugh, but my words came out scared. “Without James, it’ll be a long way home.”

“We’re over half way,” Cephas reminded me. “We’ll go faster once we’re out of the woods.”

An hour later, James returned bringing himself to a halt in front of the wagon. “Stop, we have to talk.”

“Up ahead is a two-pony trail leading off to the left. I think thee ought to take it.”

“Why? Did thou see horses?”

“Afraid so. Just before the clearing beyond the edge of the trees is an encampment of men, some mounted and others standing about. Not hunters, nor dressed like farmers. Could be bandits or slave hunters. I saw them soon enough to stop before they saw me.”

“What kind of horses? Any a big, dappled appaloosa?”

“Saw the rump of an appaloosa. How did thou know?”

“Rider wearing a gray coat?” I asked again.

“Aye. Exactly.”

“That’s Claymore.” My heart sank. Claymore could be an entire army for my chances of getting home. A trail off the beaten road was no better. I didn’t know the way.

“Where does the trail go, James? Hast thou ridden it before?”

“Don’t know the trail. I suppose if thou rides far enough, thou will end up at the Wabash.”

“The Wabash? That’s miles out of our way.”

“Can’t say it goes that far. Might loop around and come right back here. All I can tell thee is that ahead don’t look good. Even if it’s further, thou hast to take the trail.”

Rigid with fear, my mind froze. Cephas stared at me, his round eyes changing to fright.

James quickly reacted, his voice calm and reasoned. “Sarah Ann, can’t be too bad. Thou is over half way home. I have to turn back, thou heard me promise Pa I’d be home by dark.” James looked to the sun, “and that’s only a couple hours away. Thou knowst where Claymore is, far from where thou will go. Thou will be home safe before I get home.”

“What if we get lost?”

“Not that hard. Get down from the wagon and I’ll draw on the ground how to keep thy bearings so thou heads toward home.”

James drew a line in the dirt and marked it West. Then he added a perpendicular line and marked it North. Scratching a circle on the North line, he marked it Home. “After thou turns onto the trail, west will be straight ahead and north to thy right. When thou sees a chance, be sure to turn right, not left.”

“How will I know if the trail veers south instead?”

“If it’s headed to the Wabash it won’t. Have Cephas keep track of thy position with the sun. Thou shouldn’t be in the woods more than an hour, maybe not even that. The clearing beyond the trees stretched west as far as I could see. It’s the safest way to get around Claymore.”

I couldn’t keep my legs from shaking—Claymore was too close for me to feel anything but fear. I told myself again what James had said . . . I knew where Claymore was, and we hadn’t been seen. I turned onto the trail where only a single wagon’s wheels had passed since the last rain. I kept talking to myself. It would be foolish to return with James since we were less than ten miles from home. James had scared me mentioning the Wabash, but I knew we would reach Little Flint Creek before the Wabash. If the trail hadn’t turned north by then, we could follow the Little Flint even if we abandoned the wagon and went on foot the last few miles.

I thought I’d found my courage, but I hadn’t. I remained shaking all over—my hands cold, my forehead sweating.

“Sarah Ann, is thou afraid?” Cephas’s voice wavered. He only called me Sarah Ann when he was scared, really scared.

“Nay, silly. Of course not,” I lied. “Just keep an eye out on thy side of the wagon. Tell Toby to cushion Sunshine. Ride will be bumpy.”

I don’t know what I thought when James explained the trail. I realized now I was too scared of seeing Claymore to remember much. We weren’t on the new trail ten minutes when I knew it was nothing like he thought. The path twisted and turned first curving left and then right until we lost track of our direction. The canopy of barren trees was so thick we caught only glimpses of sun beams streaming between the trunks. Marshy rivulets crossed the trail and crows cawed from the trees. A single hawk from above shrilled. A large flap of wings startled me. Cephas hooted his owl call, and a wide-eyed owl with a rodent in his claws landed in the thick canopy above us, his white ruff adding texture to the barren trees. He cocked his head and screeched.

We advanced a little further; the tops of trees thinned giving us full sight of the sun. Cephas gave a triumphant yell, “We’re going west.”

Ahead I saw a fork in the trail with a chance to turn right—“Aye,” I told myself, “James said to turn right.”

I couldn’t judge distance in miles, only guessed at time. I sensed our progress had been slow and the afternoon had slipped by too quickly. The trail north appeared no different than the one we’d left, except the dropping sun shone through the sparser canopy. I kept my head bent and eyes on the trail.

Three miles? Five miles? Had to be closer than that. I didn’t see the trees thinning enough for the clearing James had described. Maybe the trail angled further south than I’d imagined. I began to worry we’d still be in the trees at dark.

“Can’t thou go faster?” Cephas asked, blinking back tears. “I - I want to get home.”

“Be patient,” I scolded.

As if I spoke too soon, around a curve the trail ended; the wagon faced a solid grove of trees. I pulled the traces and halted abruptly. The wood shifted on the bed of the wagon, Rolfe woke with a yelp, and I heard Sunshine cry from the bottom of the wagon.

“Sarah Ann, we’re lost.” Cephas panicked. “We’ll never get out of here.”

“Hush and listen,” I ordered.

I heard water rushing over rocks. The trees were taller and thicker to the right as if they’d sucked moisture from a creek. At a distance was a small clearing where men had rigged a camp to reach fishing holes. Maybe, we were near Little Flint Creek.

“Cephas, do you recognize where we are? Try to remember where Papa brought thee to hunt ducks the fall before he went to Ohio?”

Cephas brightened. “Doth thou think we’re at Little Flint? Does look like where we camped. Let me take Rolfe and see if I can find the creek.”

“Nay, stay here with Rolfe and make sure nothing happens to the wagon. I’ll go.” I trudged up a mound and in less than a quarter mile, I saw a creek. Had to be Little Flint. No other creek ran this far north.

When I got back to the wagon, the strong odor of a disturbed civet cat permeated the air sending Rolfe into a frenzy. Anyone within a mile would hear him. My eyes smarted. Cephas covered his nose. I yelled, “Shut him up and don’t let him loose.”

Cephas wrapped his arms around Rolfe’s neck holding him motionless. Rolfe struggled and then whimpered. Cephas stroked his back and scratched behind his ears. “Good boy, can’t have nobody hear us.”

I knew the wagon had gone as far as it could go, and I wasn’t about to backtrack to nowhere. “Cephas, remember when we were little, we played we crawled from the creek to our barn. Tonight, we will to do it for real. Get Toby and Sunshine out. We’ll follow the Little Flint until it meets Big Flint Creek at Brother Sleeper’s farm. Elder Isaiah’s there and can take Toby and Sunshine and shelter them.

I tied the mules to a tree near the water where they could reach grass to graze until tomorrow morning when someone returned for them. I took the leather straps which had connected the mules to the wagon, and at the bank of the creek, tethered myself first to Sunshine, then to Toby and then Cephas, last with Rolfe. “Quiet, don’t want to rouse farmers’ dogs. Make sure no one lets loose of the strap. We should get to Brother Sleeper before the moon comes up and gives us away.”

After we crawled through thorny brush, sunken cattails, and oozing bank mud for what seemed an hour, Rolfe barked and tore himself loose from Cephas dashing through the brush, his tail wagging his delight. He looped back and forth to make sure we followed.

Excited, Cephas called from the rear, “Rolfe knows the way home.”

“Keep him near so we don’t lose him.”

“Too late for his rope, but I know Rolfe. He won’t let us out of his sight. Not now.”

Ahead, a light flickered from a window. Soon two lights. A kitchen door opened. Rolfe barked and ran faster.

Another dog took up Rolfe’s call. A low voice came through the night air, “Is thou a friend?”

Cephas hooted his owl’s call.

A hoot of recognition answered back. “Sarah Ann?”

I hugged Cephas and squeezed Sunshine’s hand. “We’re safe. Thou will have a warm bed in Brother Sleeper’s barn.”

Buddell Sleeper met us. He was a stern man with a long graying beard, his thin lips pinched together hiding what everyone knew was a warm, hospitable heart. “Do ye want to stay the night?”

“Nay, only the shipment. ’Tis less than a mile and we’ll be home. Mother will be worried sick if we don’t get there tonight. Come on, Cephas, I’ll race thee.”

Cephas accepted my challenge, his boyhood confidence returning. “Thou can’t beat Rolfe and me.”

With Flint Creek to the left and dried corn stalks standing like sentries in the field to the right, Cephas and I ran, then stopped and caught our breath, and ran some more. We were euphoric, like carefree children playing “catch me” on a sunny day. We rounded the last curve in the road and saw the rising moon bringing a bright glow to the lane leading to our gate. Lanterns blazed in our windows. We were home!

We put on a burst of speed, and then halted abruptly in our tracks, mouths gaping with horror, feet frozen to the ground.

Tied to the gate was a large, gray appaloosa horse, a familiar saddlebag resting on its dappled rear flank.

Part 2

The Measure of Justin Claymore

The measure of a man, so said Burchfield Claymore to his sons was to know your place and be prepared to fight until your last breath to protect your rights. I believed Father although my own standing in the family hierarchy weighed heavily on my sense of justice. Never, Father declared, would a worthy Claymore be second to anybody: not in love, not in war, not in wealth. Where that left me in Father’s eyes as second son, I didn’t quite know, but it was obvious Father’s heart lay with his namesake, my older brother, Burchfield Claymore II.

Molded by Mother to be respectful and a gentleman, I was considered well-mannered and unassuming. I dared not remind Father that rather than establishing himself by the profitable utility of his own efforts, he, a Claymore fifth son, had arrived at his place of esteem by marrying well. Mother, nee Genevieve Stockwell, was the genteel daughter of a wealthy Savannah thoroughbred horse breeder. Even as a child, it grated on me when Father boasted that God graced him with good looks and fate graced him with Genevieve. I had watched my parents grow old together. Father looked every hour of his advancing age: his series of chins thicker around his neck and his demeanor more intolerant and cantankerous. My stately mother stood by her upper class notions, but to her credit, was more thoughtful and considerate.

Tonight, like all nights, the aging patriarch of the Claymore clan stood erect, his jaw jutting his authority much like a General inspecting troops to see that everyone was in his designated place. Seated to his right was Burchfield II and his wife Claire, a striking red-haired beauty, who relished their place of honor. To his left, me and my plain-featured wife Peggy with our fourteen-year-old son Hugh, and daughter Jenny, a girl of ten as pretty as her grandfather had been handsome. At the end of the long, candle-lit table, her chair flanked by a white-gloved household servant, a poised Genevieve, with salt and pepper hair shaped high on her head like a crown, waited for the venerable head of the family to formally seat her. The family was quiet, obeying Burchfield’s rule that no one speak until either he or Genevieve began the discourse.

“Why must we spend the summer stifling here in Lexington?” Genevieve fanned her face, then placed the perspiration-dampened napkin in her lap. “I much prefer Savannah. At least you could open the windows for the cool breeze coming off the Atlantic. I don’t ever remember our house being this unbearable.”

She turned and spoke to her waiting servant. “Now that we’re seated, Toby, you may begin service. The tureen first.” She announced to the family, “Ruby’s beef tenderloin in gravy tonight.”

“Of course, I remember Grandmother’s Savannah house,” Claire crooned. She often took on airs, purposely confusing others that she was a blood descendent instead of related by marriage. “Remember, Dahling, you took me there for the Breeders Ball. We had such a grand time dancing the night away.”

The elder Burchfield observed with some frequency, particularly after Claire did her carrying on, that his one disappointment was his eldest son had married below his station. I knew Father, like Burch, never missed ogling an over-endowed, beautiful woman, but to Claire’s discredit, the heritage she provided was colorless and without redeeming merit. Without a dollar to his name, her father, the progenitor of a large family, was a scratch owner of a small General Store outside of Lexington. Conversely, by my marrying the Baptist minister’s daughter, Peggy’s place in society, as well as giving him the only grandson in the family, I was saved from Father’s harsh criticism. For Burch, a male son, not his own was a cancer in his side for when the future required settlement of Father’s estate.

Claire continued, her sparrow-like voice tittering, “Well, I do declare, we should have demanded Ruby cook outside in the summer kitchen.” She twisted a large sparkling ring on her finger, patted the perspiration from her forehead, and dabbed her eyes with a lace handkerchief. She leaned over to Burch and kissed him on the cheek. “Dahling, why didn’t you insist? We’all could have been spared this awful heat.”

I winced, knowing the topic of weather was Claire’s favorite, the only topic in which I felt she was equipped to converse.

“Ladies, enough about the weather,” Burchfield snapped. “It’s August. What the goddamn else would you expect? Never saw such complaining.” He turned to his right, “Burch, I heard there was trouble in the fields this afternoon. Were you there?”

“Yes, sir, a small matter, really. Nothing worth discussing at the table.”

I laid my fork by my plate, my eyes narrowing to anger. “I would not consider the incident small. I got there in time to see Ike thrash one of the field hands with his riding crop.”

“Can’t believe Danny would be the one insolent,” Burchfield responded. “He’s been with me for as long as I remember. Independent for sure, but knows his place.”

Burch leaned toward Father. “No, not the old nigger. It was the wench, Sunshine. Ike said she was insolent, and when Ike says something, it’s the goddamn truth.”

“The goddamn truth, is it?” I persisted. “Ike don’t just oversee the hands, he hates them. I heard Danny say all she wanted was a dipper of water.”

“Ike decides who gets water,” Burch shot back. “The wench took liberties not hers to take. Got what she deserved.”

I painfully knew Father and Burch nearly always agreed; conversely Father and I seldom saw eye to eye except in our shared perniciousness. We both put the dollar on equal footing with one’s proper place. I knew what Father would say.

Burchfield nodded assent and slammed his fist on the table. “You damn right. Can’t have field hands slacking off. Tell Ike I said he did right.”

Genevieve blanched and turned to me, her voice low, resonating concern. “Where’s Sunshine now? She’s Toby’s sister, you know.”

I remembered I bought Toby for Mother, and Peggy had insisted on buying Sunshine because the wench had no other kin. I recalled even more clearly the other owners who bid up the ante against me. In the end, the two of them cost me fifteen hundred dollars. At the thought of the exorbitant sum, I fumed, my face turning an angry red. An overseer should know his actions would cause me considerable financial loss.

“I—I took her in,” Peggy admitted, her voice thin. “Saw no sense in a hand suffering outside.” She steadied herself and emphasized each word: “She was beaten about her head.”

Peggy paused. I suspected she felt Mother should register immediate concern, and Burchfield to insist we go immediately and attend to Sunshine. They did none of that, but Genevieve raised a questioning eyebrow as Peggy continued. “I wrapped her to stop the bleeding and put her on a cot in the little room behind the firewood.”

“Well, if it ain’t Benevolent Nurse Margaret at work,” Burch growled, his eyes shaded black by malice and brandy. He held an obvious dislike for his sister in law and refused to call her Peggy. In truth, he showed little admiration for me, accusing that I was a mama’s boy with a spineless, no-account drab wife. Peggy wasn’t pretty like Claire, and perhaps, I speculated, my brother found more aggravating the fact she was the mother of the only Claymore grandson.

Burch bellowed, “Make no mistake about it, that wench will be in the fields tomorrow, ain’t that right, Father?”

“Preposterous if she isn’t.” He glared at his daughter in law. “Don’t recall, do you, Genevieve, Peggy asking us permission to bring a wench inside? Ain’t her place.” Burchfield bushy brows stiffened. He blustered, “Move her immediately to the nigger quarters. Crops can’t wait for a field hand to quit whining. Burch, see to it she’s got a hoe in her hand at dawn.”

“But you can’t insist . . .” Peggy looked to me for support. “She’s hurt bad.”

“How bad?” I asked.

“She can’t see.”


I realized Burch and Father had stopped listening and were deep in a discussion of their new thoroughbred mare and when its foal would arrive. Claire hung on to Burch’s every word finding frequent opportunities to nod and add “Dahling, I do declare, no one knows thoroughbreds better than you.”

With Peggy’s pronouncement that Sunshine was blind, Hugh and Jenny stared at each other, dropped their forks and stopped eating Ruby’s pecan pie. I simmered in anger; Peggy’s eyes pleaded to Genevieve who was watching Toby quietly disappear from the dining room.

Rising abruptly from the table, Genevieve took charge as she always did when someone or something—slave or family or horse—was injured. She beckoned Peggy aside and whispered, “Find Toby and take him to see his sister. I’ll keep them busy in the parlor.” Within hearing of the others gathering, she called her ruse to Peggy, “Go to the kitchen and tell Ruby to bring coffee.”

Noticing the absence of Toby, and Mother interceding on behalf of the wench Peggy had sheltered, I knew Sunshine would not be moved to outside quarters nor returned to the fields until Mother said so. I knew she believed that once purchased, the owner had the right to use his property any way he chose. But I also knew her one exception: never would she abide physical abuse for anything living. As a boy, to please her, I had taken lost turtles from the garden back to the creek for their safety.

I nodded approval to Peggy, and engaged father and Burch with brandy and talk of the coming spring stud schedule for their mares.


Two weeks passed before dried scabs covered the cuts on Sunshine’s face, but with the swelling and deep bruises in her eyes, she appeared permanently blind. Peggy, with tears in her eyes, told me she was quite certain Sunshine would never see again.

Genevieve assigned Toby to tend to his sister the best he could, and when she went to lock the little room at night she often found the boy crying at the side of his sister’s cot. The Bible said to care for the “least of those,” and the two silhouettes against the fading light coming from a single candle flickering on the window sill were certainly the earth’s least.

A week later, during Wednesday evening supper, Burch sneered at Peggy, “When, Nurse Margaret, might we expect the wench in the fields? I think its time we stopped the horse play and let Ike get her hoeing cornstalks for fodder.”

“Peggy, don’t answer him,” Genevieve ordered. She turned to Burch with a sternness she found necessary more and more with her son, “I take great exception if you believe it’s your place to tell me what I should or should not do with Sunshine. If you don’t know a blind girl can’t hoe, then you don’t have the sense you were born with.”

“Now, Mother, how do you know she ain’t pretending?”

“I’ve already told you it’s not your place to argue.” Her voice left little room to misunderstand her intent. “I know these things.”

“Well if she can’t hoe, what can she do?” the elder Burchfield rasped, motioning to Toby to bring more brandy from the sideboard. “The wench has to earn her keep.”

“Sh-h-h. No more talk of this at the table. Toby can hear you.” She nodded to Father. “You and I will discuss Sunshine later.”

As if Mother had said nothing, Burch raised his voice loud enough to call the dead back to life. “Well if she can’t hoe, by god she has to do something.”

I felt the compunction to point out the obvious. “Ike should have thought of that before he beat her senseless. A blind wench won’t go for much if we try to sell her.”

Burchfield glared, “Damn waste. She ain’t worth nothing a’tall.”

“Seems to me she can slop hogs,” Burch snarled. “If she can’t do that, she might as well be dead. Just say the word, I’ll get Ike to finish what he should have done the first time.”

“That’s murder!” Peggy gasped. She stood, tugged Hugh and Jenny to follow, and bolted from the room.

I followed not far behind. “Burch, you fool. Shut your mouth.”


I had never seen Father so upset. Genevieve tried to console him. “They must be here somewhere. Toby wouldn’t run off and Sunshine’s in no condition to go anywhere. You sure Burch looked everywhere?”

“More than everywhere,” Burch called from the doorway. “Under every damn rock. I tell you, Father, they’ve run away.”

“No one runs away from here and lives to tell about it. Someone knows something. By God, I’ll find out who.”

“But how could it have happened? I don’t understand,” Genevieve stuttered. “I locked the door behind Toby when he left Sunshine last night. I know I did. Justin, do you know how they could have gotten away?”

“No, I had gone to the barn before you closed down the kitchen. Never saw nor heard anything. Everything was locked up when I got back.”

“What about that wife of yours, brother? Bet she knows damn more than a little about them. God knows what her bleeding heart would do.”

“Burch, don’t you accuse anybody unless you know for sure what happened,” Genevieve scolded. “Last night, Claire was knitting and Peggy was stitching quilt blocks in the parlor. I followed both of them upstairs for the night after I shut down the kitchen. No one stirred, I would have heard them.”

I shook my head bewildered. It was well known Mother heard everything at night—even a cat’s paw on the stairway. “Father, what about the hands? Would any of them have helped Toby?”

“What are you insinuating about the hands?” Burch growled. “Ike don’t let any of them out at night. Not even to piss.”

“What you say is true, Burch, but I will talk to Danny personally. He’s been reliable for forty years. He’ll tell me the truth if there’s anything I should know.”

“Don’t go blaming Peggy.” I sent an accusing glare to Burch, “If they are gone, I’d say it had a lot to do with Ike beating Sunshine.”

“Nonsense. When we find them, Ike will see to it personally that Toby is in a heap of misery, worse off than the wench.”

“Burch, that’s enough.” Genevieve folded her arms, her body straight and rigid with anger. In spite of her love for her son, today she didn’t like him. “How many times do I have to tell you—Ike don’t oversee none of my house servants, never will. He’s not ever to touch Toby. Hear me? That’s my word.”

“Genevieve,” Burchfield demanded, “talk to Peggy and Claire and find out what they know. After I see Danny, I’ll decide who’s going after them.”

I responded to Father, “All well and good, but I ain’t standing by to watch my fifteen hundred dollars walk off our land.” I heard a rustle behind the parlor door that no one else seemed to notice. I saw a flying pigtail and the soles of scuffy shoes sneak back into the hallway.


I found Peggy sorting socks from a basket of laundry, placing those with holes with her mending. I kissed her on her cheek and asked, “Where were Hugh and Jenny last night?”

“Why I suppose they were in their bedrooms. Why do you ask?”

“Toby and Sunshine ran away. We’re trying to figure out what happened.”

“If you believe Hugh or Jenny had any thing to do with them escaping, I think you’re wrong. Checked on them about ten o’clock and they were quiet.”

“Peggy, did you ever talk to them about Sunshine after she was hurt?”

“They were at the table. You know they heard everything before you shut Burch up. I tried to explain to them their Uncle Burch was letting off steam and wouldn’t think of allowing Ike to hurt Sunshine again, but they felt terrible about Sunshine.” Peggy paused, thinking aloud, “Doesn’t it seem strange to you they’ve spent a lot of time together since Sunshine was hurt? Maybe they are up to something.”

“Most unusual,” I agreed. “They usually fight.”

“Didn’t think much about it at the time, but I saw both of them with Danny yesterday afternoon. Figured he was telling his old stories.”

“They’re a little old for Danny’s stories, don’t you think? Same age as Toby and Sunshine, but I can’t believe they would help them runaway. They’ve been brought up better.”

“No, I’m certain it couldn’t have been them.”

I left to check on my horse in the event I would be the one father sent to hunt down the runaways. It was peculiar to everyone else, but not me, that my big, gray appaloosa was the only horse in the paddock that didn’t match the thoroughbreds. I secretly enjoyed the idea that like my horse, I didn’t match Burch nor Father. I gave my horse an extra bag of oats, brushed him down, and checked his hooves for burrs. Before I left the barn, I fetched his saddle and laid it across the stall’s back rail in readiness.

Questioning myself over a cup of coffee, my mind collected the facts as I knew them: Toby had visited his sister but had left. Mother was the last one to talk to Toby and actually see Sunshine in the little room. Claire and Peggy had gone upstairs. My thoughts made me laugh—wouldn’t have mattered where Claire was, she would be no help to anyone trying to escape. More to the truth, she probably did help by keeping Burch occupied in bed attempting to produce their own heir.

Peggy? My wife had a heart as big as the world, but would never be disloyal. If she helped them escape, she would have come and told me regardless of the consequences. She was like that. Our children, Jenny and Hugh? Had they been curious to hear the gossip when I saw them hiding outside the parlor or were they up to their necks in the escape?

Danny? In spite of Father’s loyalty, there was little that happened or would happen that he didn’t know about. But Danny, I reasoned, wouldn’t risk Ike catching him outside at night. Besides Ike’s guard dogs hadn’t barked.

It dawned on me. The solution to how it happened lay in finding how Sunshine escaped from the locked little room. Blind as she was, leaving was not something she could do by herself—someone else was involved. Mother had the key. I scratched my head, dismissing her from the suspects. I couldn’t believe she would have abetted trespassers, but felt compelled to ask. I found Mother arranging the last of summer’s purple and blue asters for the dining room table. “Mother, where was the key to the little room when you got up this morning?”

Without looking up, she answered, “Why on the hook above the stove, where it always is.”


I wasn’t surprised I was the one winding my way north and west possibly as far as the Ohio River after Burch and Ike failed to turn up anything yesterday when they scoured the outlands, woods, and creek. Nor was I surprised Mother and Peggy seemed relieved I’d accepted without argument Father’s choice. I felt comfort that I could put their minds to rest.

Father thought of two possibilities that Toby might have chosen—either fleeing northeast to Cincinnati with the hope of connecting to the abolitionist movement guiding runaways to Philadelphia, or west from the Ohio into Indiana where Quakers were active with safe houses for runaways seeking freedom in Canada. Either way, someone had to have given Toby the information and coached him since he could neither read nor write nor was he privy to that kind of gossip. And for certain, he had no experience living off the land. When questioned, Danny claimed no knowledge of Toby’s plans insinuating no sweat-soaked field hand would likely aid a pampered houseboy. He did hint Ruby’s freed son lived east of Cincinnati.

I applied common sense to Toby’s circumstances and thought he more likely took off running with no specific plan. It would be like flipping a coin—they could be anywhere. With Toby and Sunshine on foot, I realized I’d trample through weeds and heavy brush, much like scaring up grouse or pheasants. My mind told me the runaways should be easy to find—couldn’t be far ahead. With luck, I might be home for supper.

For the time being, I planned to follow the meandering creeks, and stop and ask neighbors and plantation owners along the way if they had seen the pair. If I had been on any other mission, I would have enjoyed the bright Kentucky sun rising, orange streaked with gray like peeled citrus. The Elkhorn River and a small plantation lay ahead.

Entering the plantation, I recognized Father’s friend, Abe Jackson, at the gate squinting his eyes against the sun.

“Justin? That you, son?” Old Abe motioned for me to stop. “What brings you out this early? Hell, I ain’t got the cows milked yet.”

“We have two niggers missing—one a tall, skinny houseboy and the other a blind wench—a tiny thing about ten. Girl has a scarred face. You seen them?”

“When they go missing?” Abe asked leaning on a shovel, spitting to the ground, and swiping his hat across his overalls to kill flies swarming over a cat’s dead bird blocking the walk.

“Night before last. You heard of any one else having runaways or anyone hanging around getting niggers all worked up?”

“Haven’t heard or seen a thing. Don’t recall my dogs howling. You might check with Rob Simpson across the next hill. They’re closer to the river.”

I pulled on the reins, turning my appaloosa back to the road. I heard Abe call, “If I hear or see something, I’ll send word right away to your Daddy.”

At the Simpsons it was the same story. No noise, no sighting, no runaways.

My horse, picking his way along the bed of a creek, splashed hooves in the shallow water sending minnows scurrying in all directions. I frequently stopped and climbed bushy slopes checking for broken branches or footprints in the nearby woods. All the while, a singular question kept popping into my head: How had Toby and Sunshine managed?

When I peered at the sun at high noon and dug out my canteen with one of the lunches Ruby had fixed, I wondered if they had food. If they did, not only did someone help them escape, but the perpetrator had provided food and water. I couldn’t squelch the idea the traitor was one of us. When I’d last talked to Peggy, she reminded me people who are scared and desperate do things others wouldn’t even think about. I remembered Peggy’s hand on mine, pleading, “For their sake, I hope it’s you who finds them.”

A brisk breeze whipped up giving me a shudder. I reassured myself that I was doing the right thing. “Well for sure if I don’t find them alive, two starved niggers won’t make up for my fifteen hundred dollars.”

Nothing changed for three days. I found myself fighting to stay awake from the unbearable monotony of the unfruitful ride in the daytime and my lack of sleep at night. I wondered if Toby had chosen to hide during the day and run under the moon. Maybe I’d passed their hiding place and was ahead of them. I was about to reconsider backtracking when I saw smoke from a campfire ahead. Approaching, I saw two men, one making coffee over the flames of a campfire and the other skinning a rabbit. Their mottled appearance and the condition of their gear told me they had traveled for months.

They glanced up when I slowed my horse beside a cottonwood tree. I made sure my rifle lay handy across my saddle bag but noticed neither man seemed disturbed nor reached for his gun.

“Justin Claymore, Woodford County. Looking for runaways.”

“We aint from here, but will share our coffee with anyone who can tell us where the hell we are. Left Alabama a month ago looking for three ornery hands that took off with three mares from a plantation north of Athens. Traipsed clear through Tennessee but we don’t know where Kentucky started and where she ends. Been following the Big Star at night hoping to get as far as the Ohio River. Aim to collect a fair bounty if we ever catch up with them. Yours?”

“A houseboy of fourteen with his blind sister. Belong to me and my Father. I got ribs and grits to go with your rabbit and a little whiskey eye opener for the coffee. Mind if I settle a bit? Sure could use the company.”

“Say, if you are from around here, have you heard of a preacher fellow, Crucible Baal?”

“Yeh—hung around for a few months a year ago but he ain’t no preacher. We ran him off and thought he had the good sense to be gone for good. He knows if he comes back and stirs up our hands, my father will hang him.”

“Yesterday, a fella on down the road warned us to be on the lookout for a short stubby man, with a tall black hat, singing freedom songs, and carrying a Bible.”

“That’s him,” I confirmed.

“Fella said he lures runaways to follow him to freedom, but instead shackles them and takes them to an outlaw place outside Wheeling. He resells them off the auction blocks.”

“In my book, that’s worse than horse stealing,” the other man stormed. “We at least take them back to their rightful owner.”

“If we’re paid,” the first man laughed.

While the sunlight lingered, I drew on the ground a rough map of Kentucky and planted a pebble where they were at the moment. With a stick, I scratched in the creeks and rivers I knew about and the locations of several towns with large spreads where they could buy hay for their horses and supplies for themselves.

At my suggestion, we agreed to pool resources, spread ourselves out, and look for each other’s runaways.

Never learning to sleep well outside on rough ground, I lay awake in my bed roll propped up against my saddle. I let my mind recall Crucible Baal. An ugly man with a cut lip and black teeth, he was surprisingly well schooled with scriptures. I thought of Toby and Sunshine—would they have sense enough to see through his trap and run from him? A man with a Bible, promising freedom and offering food and a fast ride north, probably not. Particularly, with the burden of Sunshine not able to see.

I sat up in my bedroll. Time to flip a coin to either proceed or backtrack. If I retraced my steps and didn’t find their hiding place, not only would my money be a total loss, but the chances of Toby and Sunshine surviving Crucible Baal were thin. I knew what Peggy would say. I put my coin back into my pocket and leaned back on my saddle, my hat over my eyes.

My arrangement with the bounty hunters proved beneficial. They were men of moderation and good hunters. For the next several weeks, we spread out agreeing in two or three days to meet up again to share the information we had gathered. With each day with no live runaways in sight, it became more evident that old Crucible had gleaned the area clean. The dead ones . . . a different matter. More than once, I guided my horse away from a creek when a bloated body floated by or where thick brush entangled a maggot-ridden, naked slave. Repelled, I glanced into the brush just long enough to be sure the dark, emaciated bodies were not Toby or Sunshine.

With signs the Ohio River was not far off, we planned to meet in two days at a tavern in Limestone Crossing to determine whether to venture east or west. Although I was beginning to believe continuing would offer little possibility of finding my runaways, something gnawed in my stomach which kept me from turning back. Tired to the bone, at times, I thought I was losing my mind to still be hunting them, but on other occasions my hunt became a game, like a move on a chess board. Around each corner, or emerging from groves of trees, I played I check-mated my quarry and Toby and Sunshine would miraculously appear.

More dead than alive I was ready, I thought, rubbing my reddened eyes against the glare of the sun, to get stinking drunk at the tavern.


The “Travelers Ale Parlor” was crowded, mostly with oarsmen guiding flatboats west on the Ohio to New Orleans, boys, barely men, herding hogs and steers east to Cincinnati, and a number of home-grown bums. I didn’t look much better; my elbows had come through holes in my sleeves weeks ago and my trousers not even fit for a nigger. Shortly, my two companions entered with a group of men who appeared they, too, hunted runaways. They seemed excited as if their lode of gold was near.

“What gives?” I asked.

“Just learned Crucible Baal was set upon by a posse of planters and taken by force to a magistrate in Cincinnati. ’Tis like we feared, he had with him near forty runaways who scattered like fleas when the posse approached. Several have been picked up, but most are loose in the area. With luck, we’ll finally get our runaways.”

“Grab your things, Claymore, and your horse—ain’t got time to stop and chaw.” “Head west—with the posse none will flee east.” One of the men motioned to the other, “Check for rafts. There’ll be as many floating as walking.” His eyes glistened with anticipation. “Shouldn’t be long, now.”

Following the Ohio River with its water mud brown and its multitude of bordering sycamore trees, I came upon runaways chained to each other and dragged by hunters back through the woods. From Crucible’s treatment, the runaways were much the worse for wear and did not offer resistance. I suspected some might welcome being captured to return home. In the thickened forest, I thought one tall skinny one might be Toby, but when I looked twice, the boy’s features were different. After ten miles of no success, I reconnoitered with the other two hunters.

“Zero. No damned luck,” one companion muttered to his partner. “How about you?”

“Searched rafts and followed the shoreline, none ours.”

“Seen a bunch picked up, but not any ours,” I reported, disheartened and doubtful. “Maybe, old Crucible didn’t capture ours after all.”

“He had them all right. They’re either dead or somehow escaped. Men at the tavern told me Clinton is two days ahead on the Ohio side and is thick with Quakers. I suggest we go at least that far and see what we can muster out of their safe houses.”

Slumped over the pummel of my saddle, I was a man, like a skeleton riding a horse, and too tired to offer any other suggestion. I imagined Peggy’s warm embrace, and then Father’s uncompromising face flashed in front of me. I roused myself, jerked the reins, and fell in line.

Clinton was indeed a Quaker’s heaven. Wagons loaded with cut wood were coming and going on the dirt-packed road. From the fragrance penetrating the breeze, someone had been cutting hay somewhere.

On one farm, everyone —men, women and children—were busy: a man plowing under a field of clover, an old man building a log hog shed, girls in white sun bonnets harvesting garden crops, and boys with black hats loading wagons with chopped wood. One woman, with a heavy oak branch, energetically whipped a quilt hanging on a clothes line. The quilt, like others I’d seen hanging on fences at other farms, was appliqu├ęd with a log cabin with smoke coming from its chimney.

I worried the appearance of three horsemen coming down their road might alarm them. With some semblance of a gentleman, I appointed myself to ride ahead and motioned for the other two to stay hidden in the woods. I knew that although Quakers wouldn’t be armed, they might stare mutely, and go on with their work.

With his shirt sleeves rolled to his elbow, the man plowing the clover field near the road did look up.

“Justin Claymore of Woodson County, Kentucky.”

“Mordecai Ellis.” The farmer added dryly, disinterest covering his face, “Far piece from home. Are thee a friend?”

I couldn’t say yes I was a friend when I obviously wasn’t, or no giving Mordecai the satisfaction I was an outsider. I nodded respectfully. “Looking for two children who escaped from a scoundrel who kidnapped them. Sent by my mother to bring them home. She’s worried they might be lost or hurt.”

From the bustle in the farm yard, I had the feeling I had interrupted something. The girls in the garden raced to the house. Immediately, the young woman beating the quilt ran. Soon heavy curtains covered the windows.

Mordecai responded coldly. “You scared our women. They aren’t used to strangers. Thy best be making thy way. We’ve seen no lost children.”

Wanting to examine further the possibility of a safe house, I eyed hay stacked outside Mordecai’s barn. I reached in my pocket for coin. “Could you spare some hay for my horse. Ran out of feed yesterday.”

The farmer called to a lad, a miniature Mordecai, looking on from the fence. “Hiram, bring a pitchfork of hay and a bucket of oats.”

“No need for the boy to fetch it—I can ride over to the barn.”

Disregarding my ploy, Mordecai motioned for Hiram to hurry. He turned to me. “Put thy coin back in thy pocket. We can spare a fork of hay and oats.”

I began to say thank you when Mordecai pulled the plow’s strap around his shoulders, gripped the handles, and dug into the soil leaving me with my words half-spoken.

The boy arrived with hay and placed a fork of hay and a bucket of oats in front of my horse. He pulled a stick and whittling knife from his pocket and climbed back on the fence and stared.

Blood rose in my head. I was furious. Thwarted by a boy, with a cocked black hat, sitting on the fence whittling a birch stick to a sharp point for hunting rabbits was humiliating. I stood helpless unable to advance my cause. I watched my gray, dappled appaloosa feast.


This time, I demanded we go ahead to the Wabash River when my two companions thought success unlikely. “It don’t feel right. Those rubes back there are getting ready for something. There’s too many of Crucible’s runaways unaccounted for.”

My companions had already turned their horses to continue west. I followed.

At noon, I turned north and the other two forded the river to search the western side of the Wabash. At Vincinnes, we joined on the eastern side of the river and headed into a heavy interior woods where we encountered a girl and her brother driving an apple cart being attacked by two bandits. We hooted and they ran. Remembering Hugh and Jenny, I decided to send my companions forward, while I saw a girl and her brother to safety at Crawfordville. My companions and I met again near a field at the far edge of the woods not far from what I thought was Little Flint creek. We joined another group of bounty hunters anxious to share runaway information, and decided to camp with them for the night. Before I dismounted, I knew I was too exhausted to sleep on the open ground. Beset by three months of hard living, I’d gotten nowhere. My eyes ached from staying open. I obsessed the thought of a real bed in a house with four walls and an open window.

Confirming my companions would start north in the morning, I told them, “I’m riding ahead tonight.” Sarcasm entered my voice. “Intend to rent me a room in one of these fine Quaker houses whether they invite me in or not.”

One of the men pointing to a creek confirmed, “That’s Little Flint—might find someone north from there who will take you in.”

“Thanks.” I tipped my hat and rode on.

It was later than I wanted, almost dark. Ahead two lanterns flashed in a window. I remembered my experience with Mordecai Ellis and wasn’t in the mood for more abuse from a Quaker, but my bones told me it was time to stop.

I tied my horse to the gate—everything was quiet, no dog barking. I ran my hands through my hair and straightened myself up. I knocked on the door.

A large woman, obviously nearing the time for birthing, answered, “Did thee knock?”

“Ma’am, I know I’m highly irregular in asking, but would you rent me a room for the night? Been on the road a long time without a good night’s sleep. Won’t cause you no trouble.”

I heard a gruff voice booming behind the woman, “Rachel, who is thou talking to? Have thou lost thy good sense? Come away from the door.”

“Just a minute, Henry, the man wants a room.” She closed the door behind her and stepped onto the porch so as not to be heard. She asked quietly, “Who are thee and where did thou come from?”

“Justin Claymore of Woodford County, Kentucky. My little sister and brother were kidnapped and my mother sent me to find them. Was in Crawfordville yesterday. Saved a young woman and her brother driving an apple wagon near the Little Flint from bandits. They were so much like my sister and brother . . . I couldn’t leave them alone in the woods.” I paused, hoping I had aroused a mother’s sympathy. “Rode with them till I could leave them safe at a meetinghouse. I’m alone and promise I mean no harm.”

The woman blanched, then quickly extended her hand. “Justin Claymore, is it? We do have a spare room—nothing fancy, but good enough for a night’s sleep. Washed up the bedding yesterday.”

Little did I know that long into the night, when all was quiet except for my snoring and Rachel’s beating heart, a mule and a wagon piled with chopped wood, driven by Buddell Sleeper, rolled silently along the road, heading north.

Part 3


Cephas Ellis
A Negro man, old by life’s trials and tribulations, rested on a bale of hay watching a thin, bearded, sun-browned man in overalls tie his horse to a stall in the livery stable, its plank siding chipped and weathered gray by time and wear. “CEPHAS A. ELLIS, LIVERY, PILGER, NEBRASKA” was etched in large letters on the front. Wagons and buggies, their horses removed to the stable, provided shade for hay bales placed in a square for town folks who often came to sit a spell and talk.

Ellis Livery Barn, Pilger, Nebraska
It was a stroke of luck, or they both would agree later, the Lord’s doing, for the lone Negro to be passing through the little country town which boasted exclusively Swede, German, and Welsh inhabitants. It was the Negro who recognized the name on the faded green sign and approached the owner asking to board his horse.

They clasped each other’s hands, moisture formed in their eyes at their remarkable recognition. Soon they were beyond the shock of knowing each other. No one, in his right mind, would guess the two had shared a moment in time or would ever meet to exchange their stories. Toby speaks.


Wipin teary feelins from my runny eyes, I started my tellin. “It’s not hard to ’member. In forty-five years, I reckon I done cried twice. First time was when I was ’leven, I see’d dis man, his fat belly dropping almost to his knees, in a straw hat, white see-sucker suit, his vest poppin open, and a black ribbon tie chokin him at his chin. He pull my mother from da auction block and shove her into a waitin cart with his shackled slaves. I could do nothing fer her—my sistah and me were chained together next in line waitin to be looked at by a handful of men and one woman. My mother’s voice still rings hard in my head: ‘Toby-boy, Toby-boy, yo take good care of yo sistah.’ When Sunshine clutched me screamin fer her mother, her sobs was my sobs.”

“Auctioneer summoned me, but I couldn’t leave Sunshine alone. His deputy tried to separate us, but I grabbed her firm-like when she forced herself limp refusin to let go of me. I seen a woman in a brown hat and dark church dress ’mid da gatherin tug her man’s elbow and whisper somethin. After dat, her man called to da auctioneer, ‘Bring them both.’ Dat is how Sunshine and me became property of Burchfield Claymore, gentl’man, horse breeder, and planter of Savannah, Georgia. And dat ’plains why Sunshine and me never seen mother again.”

Cephas pulled his bale closer so as to not miss my words. My voice cracked as it always did when I speak of my heart-broken mother. Ev’n with Cephas so near, I struggled hard to keep my talkin from slippin back into quiet memory of dat woman.

“Claymore’s? Somes were good, somes was bad. Mistress and her son’s woman, Miss Peggy, were good ones as long as you hopped to whatever dey wanted. Massa and his son, Mistah Burch, were mean. Miss Claire was Mistah Burch’s woman and she accused Sunshine of stealin her ruby brooch. Sunshine never took nothin from Miss Claire, but Mistah Burch believed otherwise and forced Sunshine from da house and put her in da fields hoein corn. Overseer was Mistah Ike, and if you believe Massa and Mistah Burch were mean, Mistah Ike was da debil hisself. When others weren’t lookin, he’d take lil girls behind bushes, and I guess most people knowed what dat mean.

“Onced, Sunshine refused and hid behind others and Mistah Ike in a rage charged in and struck her across her face with his ridin crop. Not onced, but over and over. Old Danny tried to stop him, but Mistah Ike pushed him aside. Mistah Justin and Miss Peggy happen to come along in their buggy and seen it all. It was Miss Peggy who come back and took Sunshine to da house and brought me to see her. To find my little sistah all tore up, bleedin, and eyes so swollen nobody could see was more’in what I could take. I cried a long, long cry. Lasted fer days and led to where I is today wid you.”

“Lord, bless Sunshine and give her everlasting peace. Amen,” Cephas murmured ’fore raising his head to hear more of what I was sayin.

“I’m not much fer tellin stories, but will do best I can, cuz it was yo, Mistah Cephas, dey say saved my life. I cain’t believe after all dese years, it’s yo and me talkin. Truthfully, I cain’t believe I’se still alive, but when me set out after gold in California and come to dis here river and seen yo livery stable and yo name on da wood, I knew da Lord left me alive for a good enuf reason—to tell my story so yo knowed what happened to Sunshine and me.”

I gave Mistah Cephas a sigh, and raised my finger to warn him. “Where I’ve been, yo gonna not want to go.”


“I ’member yo as a boy, Mistah Cephas. Yo and yo sistah put me in dat wagon of yourn at yo Unc’s.” I raised my hand to my forehead and smiled ’memberin old times. “Dat sistah of yo’s banged us ’round pretty good in dat wagon on some of da bumpiest roads I’d ever knowd then or knowd since. Sunshine was hurtin bad since we crowded each other in dat little box like spoons in a drawer, but when we started crawlin along da creek . . .”

“No, Toby, I know all of that. I was there. Start at the beginning on how you come to run away.”

“Mistah Cephas, I aint Toby no more. Dat’s a nigger name. I goes by T.B. Claymore. Since I didn’t have no last name, I took da Master’s name. He took my body, I took his name. Didn’t have none others to choose from.”

“Actually, Tob--, I mean T.B., I’m known as Reverend Ellis. I preach for the Lord in these parts when I’m not farming or tending to other peoples’ horses and wagons.” His soft voice sounded like God’s music and I could feel his goodness. “Seems to me we might call each other T.B. and Cephas.”

“Like I sez, Sunshine was barely livin after Mistah Ike beat her fer not dallyin behind da bushes. Because my mother teach me good manners, Mistress made me her houseboy servin meals and cleanin up after. I did her good since I wanted nothin to do with fields. Best part, tho, was listenin.”

“Listening? Listening, to what, T.B.?”

“Listenin to everythin. I was her property and yo knows property ain’t got no ears. Well, anyways, she forget I had ears.

“After Miss Peggy brought Sunshine to da house, Mistah Burch insisted she go back to da fields. Mistress would hear nothin of dat. Both Massa and Mistah Burch didn’t think Sunshine no longer worth anythin and ought to be dead. Ladies, exceptin Miss Claire, insisted Mistah Ike leave Sunshine alone, but I knowd different. Massa and Mistah Burch would find someway for Mistah Ike to get rid of Sunshine fer good. I membered my mother’s orders. I had to get Sunshine away from der.”

“That’s what I don’t understand, T.B., how a young lad, like you was then, and a blind sister could possibly get away from a big plantation.”

“Hain’t yo done somethin, Cephas, dat only da Lord God allowed yo to do? I don’t rightly knows for sure how I done it, but da Lord put his hands on my shoulder and provided. He used his angels.”

“Now, T.B., I believe the Lord provides for every living soul in his time of need, but running away from the Claymores took more than that. Angels, you say . . . ?”

“Mistress, Miss Peggy, her Hugh and Jenny, and Ruby were da Lord’s angels, although dey say nary a word about me and Sunshine runnin away. Ruby cooked for a week fixin more food than Sunshine and I could eat and laid an extry casing under Sunshine’s pillow. We ate as little as we could and put extry food in da old pillow casing and hid it in da wood pile. One day I found Hugh and Jenny’s heavy winter coats dat dey growed out of tucked under Sunshine’s cot. Next mornin Miss Peggy mustta laid by an extry blanket and more under things for Sunshine because dey were there in plain sight on her cot.

“When evenin came and I went to da kitchen to fetch supper bowls, I see Mistress leave her keys on a hook besides da stove. She never done dat before, and every night after, I done saw keys. She had Old Danny come and fix da window above Sunshine’s cot—honest truth, Cephas, I never knowd it needed fixin. Sunshine complained it was looser and more cold air blew through da window than before Old Danny done his fixin. He told me a story about someone who run away years ago and how he had gone through da trees to a cave near da river yonder. Said dis runaway got ’round nigger quarter dogs and into da woods by leavin in da middle of night through Mistress’s broken garden gate.”

I knowd from his brow cockin, something was botherin Cephas, and finally he ast, “Without anyone telling you, how’d you know they were helping you plan your escape? From what you say, it could have been an accident or your imagination.”

“Yo ain’t listened. I told yo before, Cephas, da Lord told me. Wasn’t no accident. Dey was angels.”

Cephas’ twitchin told me he was havin troubles swallowin my angels. He shifted from da bale of hay, rose, and stretched before squattin on da wagon tongue. He pulled a shaft of wheat stuck in da boards and twisted it between his teeth. With his swallowin’ done, he look me square in my eye. “What happened when you and Sunshine left? Didn’t anyone see or hear you?”

“I kept thinkin da devil would tell Mistah Ike and he would come with his dogs, but if he did, he didn’t come our way.”

“But which way did you go?”

“Aft’noon ’fore we left, I put in my mind a straightaway to da woods so Sunshine wouldn’t stumble, but when we run in da dark, she couldn’t go fast enuf. Fearin Mistah Ike would catch up with us any moment, I climbed her to my back and told her to hold on. Dat’s how we got to da woods.

“All da time we was in da woods and huntin da cave, I realize I had no map but had to rely on God and da good sense I hoped was in my bones and da thumpin of my heart. I was near skeered to death—tho’t every bird was tellin Mistah Ike where we were. No moon was lit fer him to see us, but me tryin to find our way was more blindin than Sunshine.

“When da sun started showin, I give up on da woods and took a cow trail north along Elkhorn River thinkin followin a river was better fer findin a cave than strugglin through woods. But all I seen along da shore was rocks assembled without help of neither animal nor man. None no real man could hide in. Almost gave up, but after an hour, I found da cave all right but was rightly skeered a fox or bear might have laid claim before’in us. Had to wait until dark agin before movin. Sunshine and I huddled in da cave all day hearin ev’ry noise outside. She started to sing her gospels, but I told her no bear in a cave would be singin and we had to be quiet.

“Never tho’t I’d be so glad fer night to come. We took out followin da river. Goin was rough but we kept movin hopin farmers’ dogs wouldn’t bark us to death. Long after moon passed ov’r our heads, we heard singin—a nigger’s folk singin. Wasn’t gospels. Sounded like freedom songs, da kind Mistah Ike beat folks fer in nigger quarters. Soon an old man—weren’t no nigger, Cephas—with a shepherd’s hooked staff sprung at us from bushes and says, “The Lord sent me to take you to freedom. Come along.”

“Sunshine and me, well, we come along ’til we found niggers bunched around a fire. Tho’t dey would be happy faces—them goin to freedom—but in da light of fire, I saw dey was sad, tired faces, their cowed bodies tied together by rope. Then and there, I should have knowd somethin was wrong, but dat old man says dey were tied to keep from losin themselves in da dark. He, hisself, was frightenin—so short he looked half-grown, and da fat ’round his face hung past his chin. Worse was his flowin white hair and those ghostly eyes dat only sparkled when he fetched his Bible.

“Each night, Old Crucible thumped his staff on da ground as if calling lost lambs to da fold. I was skeered to move thinkin he’d use da crook to pull me back in like I used to catch chickins with a hooked wire. He moved close up to da fire, opened his Holy Book, and read da whole story of Amos to us, word fer word, his voice bigger than his body:

The Virgin of Israel is fallen; she shall no more rise: she is forsaken upon her land; there is none to raise her up.

For thus saith the Lord GOD. The city that went by a thousand shall leave by a hundred, and that which went forth by a hundred shall leave ten, to the house of Israel.

But seek not Bethel, nor enter into Gilgal for surely ye go into captivity and

Bethel shall come to nought. Seek the Lord and ye shall live.

“I guess he tho’t we were same as Israelites, God’s chosen who had gone astray. He said we sinned and he was Amos, da most important Prophet, called by God and placed on dis earth to save us. When he held his Holy Book and spoke like God would, I believed ev’ry word. Should have had sense to knowed different. But it was too late. He stole our food and tied me and Sunshine with his rope. Then he pushed us down by da others and sat off sideways emptyin into his belly his flask of rum.

“It was then I knowed we’d gone from da fryin pan into da debil’s fire.”

“How’s that, T.B.?”

“I seen his whip.”


‘Fore I went on, I seen a wagon stirrin up a cloud of dust, da young driver fishtailing his empty buckboard back and forth. Cephas called, “Slow down, boy. Ain’t no fire.”

“Here comes Melvin, Henry’s boy—must be Rachel has supper on.” Cephas waved his arm to his grandson and says to me, “He covers the livery so I can go home to eat. Suppose you’ve had your share of fried chicken in your time, but you haven’t had Rachel’s. T.B., come along to the house for supper.”

“If your sure’in I wo’t be too much trouble?”

He chuckled. “Rachel always lays an extra plate whether I tell her to or not.”

Home of Cephas and Rachel Ellis

“Ain’t a man alive who’d turn down hom’ fried chickin, espec’ally me. I ain’t had none since my own Mandy died.”

“You were married? Family?”

I nodded and climbed next to Cephas on da buckboard wagon. “Way back in Detroit. We have a son, Freedman. He’s in California. Dat’s where I’se headin – help pan gold in da high Sierras.”

Road from livery stable was like a dusty mop with deep, dried ruts zig-zaggin ev’ry which direction from da last rain Cephas says Stanton County got two weeks ago. Seem amusin to me he knowd da ’xact time and place of da rains dat come his way. He didn’t mind da jarrin bumps, but dey shore reminded me of Mandy’s old wash board. One jolt hit extry hard near throwed me off my seat. I was glad I didn’t have false teeth to fall out, and blessed myself I weren’t squeezed in da bottom of an escape wagon.

After a mile, Cephas pulled da wagon in front of a plain wood house with no god-given timber in sight, nothin but scrub prairie fer miles. A strange lookin water well wid a pulley wheel stood right front and I sees a shadow of an unpainted barn behind.

Jumpin down, Cephas, he breaks off a tuff of prairie grass and lets it fall from his hands. He tells me his grasses are half tall—to da east across da Missouri, tall and green where rain is dependable. To the west where I’se headin, short and brown. Great Plains ever movin dependin on the rainfall. I hear Cephas’s voice. “This manna from Heaven comes from hard seed from which we and prairie grow. When I get discouraged and question the Lord, I start digging. Ain’t ever long before my back aches and I’m back in my faith of the Creator again.”

I begin wonderin what kind of farmer Cephas was. Didn’t see no cluckin hens or milk cows, but supposed dey was in back. I began fidgitin. Wasn’t sure Cephas weren’t exaggeratin dat I’d be welcome. My eyes darted ’round lookin to see who was seein me. Nobody ’peared in sight. Cephas handed me a bar of soap, and we washed up from a bucket outside da door. Shakin water off like a wet dog leavin a pond, I followed Cephas inside.

Like I says, I didn’t knowd what to ’pect, but shore enuf, der was an extry plate and a seat dat wasn’t taken midst a whole lot of Cephas’ family. A table, its surface scarred by scratches and discolored by spills and stains over years of wear from a family growin up, stretched clear across kitchen. I seen his two sons and der wives and heard noisy children already eatin on da back porch too busy to notice none of us.

“I want you to meet T.B. Claymore,” Cephas announced, placing his hand on my shoulder. “We go way back to Indiana.” He pointed around da table. “That’s Henry and his wife, Isola and Eddie and his wife Mae. Youngest son, Charlie, lives in western Kansas. Daughters all married off.”

Moving to da stove, Cephas put his arm around da woman lifting chicken from da skillet to a platter. “This is Rachel, my bride.”

“Pay him no mind, Mr. Claymore, he always says that, has for fifty years. Thinks he’s getting an extra piece of chicken by being nice.”

Henry stood and pulled out a chair by da empty plate smooth and easy as if I was in der family. “Got a place for you over here, Mr. Claymore.”

I looks around da table and they was all waitin fer me to join them. With all dem eyes on me, I was beside myself. I slipped into da chair, my feelins spillin over. “Lordy —look at me sittin here at yo table and rubbin elbows with all yo white folk. Most times in my life I was servin, not sittin. Times shore changed. Back then, us were niggers, but not no more. When I got schoolin wid my son in da one-room schoolhouse in Chatham and larned readin, writin, and talkin white folk talk, I’se become a man of color. My Mandy and me were right proud Freedman never had to be a nigger.”

Eddie spoke up. “Sir, Pa never allows us to disrespect anyone. We’re all the same.”

“I learned justice at my Quaker mother’s knee back in Indiana,” Cephas nodded to his son. “On that note, T.B. will you offer up the blessing?”

I’se did my best to fight back tears. I’d never been asked to offer a prayer at a white man’s table. I strained my mem’ry until Miss Peggy’s dinner prayer from back at da Claymores come to mind.

When I finished wid “Bless dis food to da nourishment of our bodies,” dey all says “Amen” and dug in. Miss Rachel filled mash’d potato bowl twice, an yessuh, Cephas got his extry piece of chicken ev’n though it was da piece dat goes ov’r da fence last.

After a spell of laughin and jibin, and us full of mash potatoes and chickin, we started talkin ’bout old times with Cephas fillin in on what I says at da livery.

“When did you get to Canada?” Cephas asked.

“Wouldn’t have a’tall if yo hadn’t of saved my life.”

Eddie’s eyes, round as two pennies side by side, stuttered surprise, “Pa, you never told us about saving anyone’s life.”

“Well, I have told you about your Aunt Sarah Ann and me taking an apple wagon and going to Crawfordville to bring two runaways to our house. Those runaways were T.B. and his sister Sunshine. We left them at old Brother Sleeper’s place, but never knew what happened after that.”

“Yo forgettin about yo and yo sistah seeing Justin Claymore’s horse at yo house and yo coming back on yo own to tell Mistah Sleeper he was there. If yo hadn’t done dat, shore enuf he would have found us next mornin. Never would of gotten away. Mistah Burch and Mistah Ike would have us dead long ’fore now.”

Road Leading to the Ancestral Home of Budwell Sleeper
Photo by Bobi Andrews

“Any one would have done what I did,” Cephas shrugged. “What happened after I left?”

“Da tall hatted man hurried me and Sunshine right away into a wagon full of wood. Yo say his name was Brother Sleeper? Never knowed. Anyways, after his nephew says yo candles were out, we passed yo house in the middle of da night. Don’t knowd fer sure, but der musta been at least fifteen more barns we hid in ’fore we reached Detroit. Onced a tall hat told me and Sunshine to lay down in a pig yard and he forked a big pile of hay ov’r us. We done slept with da hogs dat night. I hadn’t tho’t of those hogs rootin at us fer a long time, but when I think back, mor’in onced it was nick and tuck to get away.”

“And Canada?”

I could tell Cephas wanted da whole story. ’Fore I started, tho, Miss Rachel called, “Time for dessert.”

I watched Miss Rachel put out three tree-apple pies and Henry go fetch ice cream they’d cranked up by da barn. Children on da porch saw him fetch da wooden bucket an dey pounded spoons and hollered, “Ice Cream” louder than I caw cows. Understood them youngins. I favor ice cream, too.

Lookin ’round, I couldn’t understand fer the life of me where dey got ice fer ice cream. I scratched my head. No new tho’t come to mind. Instead, I tried to make my ignorance amusin. “Cephas, it ain’t winter,” I laughs, “did ice fall from da clouds?”

“Sure would be easier if it had. In February, when the river’s ox bow is a solid pond, we take saws and cut big blocks of ice. With a horse and tarp, we haul blocks out to the ice house next to the grocery store in town. People get ice for their ice boxes there. We bury the blocks with sawdust and cover everything with gunny sacks. Keeps it from melting. Course it helps that the ice house is protected in the shade.”

“How long does ice last like dat?”

“Till about the end of September. Melvin brings Rachel our blocks of ice three times a week for our box.” He points behind the table to the big wooden cabinet with two doors and two handles. I see him grin. “We make sure we crank our fill of ice cream before we see it begin to melt.”

I knowd nothin of ice boxes. If like he says, Canada is its own ice box ’most all year long. Amazin, but I wonderin if I swallowed a story.

I stops my wonderin when a sweet tot, remindin me of Sunshine when she was four, and wid da spittin looks of Eddie, opened da screen door and peeked ’round da corner of da kitchen spottin her grandma by da stove. Her voice was tiny, sweet as sugah. “When we getting our apple pie and ice cream, Grandma?”

I says, “Dat lil girl is sweet enuf to eat. Bettin she’s her grandpa’s fav’rite.”

Before Miss Rachel answered, Josie—I soon larn dat was her name—seein me turned her sugah into fear like I was an ogre from a fairy tale. She tugged hard on her grandma’s apron pointin her stubby fingers, “Grandma, why’s he black?”

“Josie, honey,” Miss Rachel responded, “mind your manners. Mr. Claymore is Grandpa’s friend.”

“But why’s he black?” Her hands went to her face and she started snifflin and cryin.

I seen Cephas eyes turn to slits and his jaw jut forward. Eddie whispered, “Father, I’ll handle her.”

“Josie, nothing to be afraid of. Some of us are brown, some black, some white like you. Don’t make no difference which. You’ve seen the rainbow. When I was a little boy, Grandpa told me people all over were like that. When you grow up, you’ll come back and tell me Grandpa was right.”

“But he talks funny,” Josie hiccupped her snifflin.

Eddie done scrunched Josie to his lap and tickled her in the ribs ’til she giggled like I ’member Sunshine doin. “He thinks you talk funny.” He set her down from his lap and nudged her to da door. “Now go tell the others Grandma is bringing pie and ice cream.”

Cephas leaned ov’r to me. “I apologize for Josie. She doesn’t know better. We don’t get Negroes stopping by Pilger. Being a country town off the beaten path, the grandchildren haven’t been nowhere else. They don’t know the ways of the world.”

“No need apologizin. She don’t mean nothin. Suspect lots of yo folks ain’t seen ones like us before.” I stopped a moment. Couldn’t keep my voice from sayin what sprung to my mind. “Don’t think I’ll parade my horse down yo streets. Dey might not like him in yo livery barn.”

“Been a free state. Wouldn’t expect trouble. Most homestead and nobody was here until after the war. They didn’t own slaves. Now if you want to see a fight, just watch a Swede talk back to a German in a beer joint.” Cephas laughed, “Neither of them will be speaking English.”

Eddie, he laughed and winked at his father. “Or a German Lutheran arguing with a certain Christian Church preacher whom I won’t name.”

“You must be referring to LeRoy Koehlmoos and me going at it a week ago Sunday. Don’t get me thinking about him. The Lord would cover his ears.”

Henry butted in, “Or you, Eddie, arguing with me who cranked the most on this ice cream.” Henry, lickin da paddle, put a drippin canister right middle of da table next to da pie.

I do swear pie and ice cream disappear like a dog chasin a cat, and soon we all pushed away from da table. Ladies did up dishes; children ran to play Anti I Over with boys on one side of da house and girls on other. I seen Josie off to side suckin her thumb, givin me a bashful stare. Agin a cry of “Anti I Over,” us men, dodgin a softball sailin over da roof, jumped onto da front porch.

“Do say . . . I do.” With everything so pleasin, I was feelin more at home than ever. “We played dat game over da school house back in Canada. And Red Rover.” I groaned, rubbin my belly, “Ain’t been so full up since ev’r I ’member.”

“Hope you ain’t ate so much you can’t tell us about Canada.” Cephas settled himself against a porch post. “I can’t wait much longer.” He pulled his pocket knife from his overalls and whittled a small wood sliver thin enuf to pick chicken from his teeth like I seen men do back in Kaintucky. Him a preacher man and not a’chewin tobacco, I left mine in my pocket to be polite and begun to ’member Canada.


Here’s da Canada story I done tell. It come from my mind like memories flowing down a river widout me hearin my voice sayin anything . . .

“Eddie, wid us not familiar on anythin yonder da Claymores, we never knowd where we were or where we was goin. Tall hats come and put us in wagons and took us somewhere else and then same thing happen ov’r agin ’til we reach Detroit. Most times we hear a lot of Ecclesiastes preached about, but seen few faces. Onced in a while a woman come, lay her hands on us, and pray.”

“Were you safe in Detroit?” Eddie asked. He was lookin me in my eye like a true believer. Was right complimented since I knowd right away dis family was storytellers.

“Most folks tho’t so, but if I a runaway hunter, it’d be first place I’d go. Any place next to a border swarmed wid likes of me lookin to cross to freedom. We lucky. Only hadst to stay in Detroit ov’r night as a boat was leavin da next morning fer Chatham, and it was our tall hat rowin da boat. He follow shore north until he see light flashin out in middle of big lake. He rowed us there. We were put in a hold on a bigger boat—had to crawl on a board up da side of da big boat wid only a rope to hang on to.

“I was too young to ’member anythin about comin ov’r da ocean when I was wid my mother long time ago, but goin ov’r dat lake skeered us bad in da hold. Water seeped in da bottom, and we bent one side to da other like a tree swayin in a ’Lina hurricane. Sunshine, not seein anythin, cried da whole way.

“Onced we landed on Canada side, der wasn’t no tall hats and no white folk helpin or tellin where to go. Like bein dumped in middle of nowheres. Sunshine and me slept ’til sun come up wid a whole lot of others under a tarp near a battered old warehouse wid its side boards barely holdin on. If it’d been rainin dogs and cats, both of them would have fallin through big holes in da roof.

“At dawn, meelee at da docks was really somethin. I skeered and tho’t we was headed fer auction rather than freedom. I ev’n tho’t I saw old Crucible, but found out some of us weren’t runaways when a nigger named Silas pulled me to his side. I ’member him well—a nudder angel, Cephas. A man angel dis time.”

Cephas say he aint arguing no more ’bout angels and motions fer me to go on.

“Anyways, Silas says, ‘Where yo goin? Do yo have a sponsor?’ To tell da truth, I had no idea who or what a sponsor be. He saw I didn’t have no answer and waved his hand, ‘Come along. I see what I can do.’”

“Now Cephas, these were old field hands, not a’tall what I was suspectin. He asts, ‘Yo ever cut in tobacco fields? What about yo sistah? Somethin wrong wid her?’”

“I says, ‘I a houseboy and my sistah, she cain’t see.’

“Nothin fer houseboys here. Dey don’t have dat kind of servants, but dey will hire farm hands if yo do da work.

“I desperate. We were hungry—hadn’t eaten since ’fore Detroit—and had no place to go. I hasten’d to tell him, ‘Me and my sistah do any kind of work.’

“Silas looked suspicious as if we was hopeless cases and a waste of his time.

“I worried good and says, ‘Please, I swear we do da work.’

“He took a good look at Sunshine and I hoped what he saw got his heart. Colored folk always knowd when a nudder’s gots a beatin. Finally he says, ‘Nothin but tobacco fields. A dollar a day. Can go to church if yo is religious kind on Sundays. Yo eatin and cots fer sleepin come out of yo pay. Hard work but will keep yo ’til somethin better comes along. Started in tobacco fields myself.’

“Could tell yo more about those first days, but anyways Silas took us to Oldfield place and wid Silas speakin fer us, we was hired. Slavin on Claymore plantation was easy compared to cutting tobacco at da Oldfield place. Der were so many of us crowded in cottages we could hardly close doors. Weren’t no better than slave sleepin quarters, and food costed so much we ate mostly what we could water down from tators and grissle meat. Good thing fer us, der was no Mistah Ike wid a whip, tho men like Silas told us what to do, watched us, and paid up at end of da week in Mistah Oldfield’s script.”

“What was Mr. Oldfield like?” Eddie asked and then jerked away. I seen his eyes studyin a black wooly spider crawl down da post behind him, proud as could be trailin his silks behind.

“Never met Mistah. We on our own, if yo call dat freedom.”

Eddie dropped his eyes from da spider and puzzled my story. “Script? Was that what they used for money?”

“Script was only good fer buyin at Oldfield store. Anyways we didn’t have a horse to go any place. A wagon come around and took us to Afr’can church in Chatham fer five cents each way.”

“Six years Sunshine and I did da fields . . . I hacked tobacco and Sunshine counted stalks and packed them in a crate fer takin to weighin and dryin yards.”

“Only six years? You must of found something else,” Eddie said, his eyes apart, ’pectin me to say more.

“Before you tell us that, what happened to you during the Civil War?” Henry interrupted steppin on Eddie’s spider crawlin too near his leg.

“Well, those years I work in tobacco fields. Bein free in Canada, we didn’t have much trouble wid either side. As war wore on, we notice more colored folk pour in. Swarms of them, like locusts, came into fields each week. Course Detroit was Yankee land and newspapers crossin over, say plenty about da South. Preachers ’pecially. Only those who wants to go back cared who was winnin da war.”

“But I was wondering what happened to you and the tobacco fields?” Eddie, he annoyed Henry interrupted wid talkin about da war.

“Well, somethin did happen, must of. Mistah Oldfield didn’t grow tobacco no more, shut down his farm, and moved to Chatham. Forty of us put out of work. None of us found no one else growin tobacco. Don’t know if it were dry dirt starvin it out or them not able to sell it any more.

“We was headed to starvation when, Cephas, a nudder angel come upon us. A man come to church and told us laborers that an American company was goin to grow large tracts of tomatoes fer processin in Chatham. Hirin fer fields and fer processing plant. Didn’t knowd more’in a skunk ’bout processin plants, but I’d enuf of field work to last my lifetime.

“Sunshine and I slept on da ground in a Chatham park dat Sunday and went to hirin office next day. As I tell yo ’fore, my mother taught me manners and after Sunshine and I cleaned up at da public fountain, we looked better than field laborers. Don’t mind telling yo, I talked better than da others. Not long after we begun standin, someone started up and down da line lookin us over. When he came to Sunshine and me, he motioned us to come along wid three others to talk to der Big Man.

“Mr. Browning, a lil, short Big Man, offered me a chug of tobacco which I polit’ly declined, and Sunshine a piece of hard candy which she took to in a lightnin minute. He asked whether Sunshine and me were church goin and where we’d been ’fore comin to Canada. When he say he a deacon in da Baptist Church and his wife a teacher in Chatham, I says to him da Lord is my Savior and dat Sunshine and me say our prayers ev’ry night. I ev’n ’membered to tell him Miss Peggy had Sunshine and me baptized in da creek when we was at Claymores.

“He seem satisfied and tells me ’bout work in plant fer me and dat he’d see if he could find somethin suit’ble fer Sunshine. He says if I work hard, some day I be supervisor.

“Pay back then was dollar fifty a day and agin in script fer company store. He say his neighbor had an attic above his buggy garage dat he’d probably let me have in exchange fer me to be his handyman to keep his yard mowed and garden clean. And if I had time, he’d hire me to do same fer him.

“Since he didn’t mention tomato pickin’ in fields, I squeezes Sunshine’s hand and says “Yessuh” right away.”

“What was your work there?” Eddie thinkin and puzzlin agin.

“Me, I worked on cannin line fer tomato company fifteen years. I still smell da odors—ripe and foul—of tomatoes. Never cared for them since. ’Fore she go to school, Sunshine counted and sorted large tomatoes fer stockin and sellin at company store. Did da kitchen chores she could fer Mrs. Browning. ’Specially she good at snappin beans and shellin peas. ’Twas Mrs. Browning who found out about a blind school in Detroit and arranged fer her to board there wid a church widow lady and go to school to learn dat Braille. Sunshine did so good at school dat when she finish, she be a teacher fer blind children ’til she died.”

“Died? Sunshine is dead?” Cephas choked.

“Yessuh. Terr’ble tragedy. She walked wid a guide stick from boarding house to school and crossed one street. Seems as how when she crossed dat one day, she didn’t hear a stampedin buggy turning da corner and was swept under da buggy, horse stompin her and buggy crushin her chest. Sunshine died next day. School told Mrs. Browning, and she helped me go to Detroit to bring her back. We had a preacher funeral. She buried in Mrs. Browning’s garden.”

“How long ago was that, T.B.?”

“Ov’r eight years, Cephas. Seems like yesterday, but I knows it was ov’r eight years. Never same widout her. Wid Sunshine gone, I felt so alone ev’n tho she lived in Detroit when I was livin in Chatham.”

Cephas him nod his head solemn, sadness fallin like a widow’s shroud. “Seems, T.B., that both of us lost our sisters.”

“Miss Sarah Ann dead, too? Was goin to ask what become of her.”

“She married shortly after you were in Indiana and died a year later when her baby was born. Neither lived. By then, my brother and I were living with her.” Cephas, he wiped his brow and touched my hand. “I remember what lonesome feels like. But go on, T.B.”

I nods at our loss, never knowin we had dat in common.

Cephas pushed me hard agin da floor and Eddie yelled, “Duck.” Just in time, I seen a ball comin right at us. Eddie, he reached his hand up and caught da ball bare handed. He grinned and tossed it back to Henry’s son.

Cephas yelled, “Aint no one taught you how to throw a ball?”

“Sorry, Grandpa. It got away. Didn’t mean to throw it at you.”

“Next time, be more careful. Us men, we’re talking here.”

Cephas nods to me. I picks up where I left off.

“A year later at our evenin Bible meetins, I met Mandy and courted her proper. I ’member we studyin story of Esther, and like Bible says, Mandy became my Esther. We married and she moved in wid me in da attic next to Brownings.

“Mandy and me had a blest twelve years of marriage, and of course Freedman come along first year after we say our I Do’s. Mrs. Browning put Freedman in school when he eight, and I says to them I want to go too. She had Mr. Browning arrange fer me to work nights and go to school wid Freedman during day.

“Year ago, Freedman headed to California wid a group of roust-about friends bent on findin gold. Since I widout nobody, I decide to ride my horse across da whole United States and join them. To eat, I do field work and handyman chores along da way.”

“And . . .” Eddie leaned forward actin like he wantin to know what I would say next.

I stuffed my hands in my pocket and heaved a big sigh of relief. “And, now yo know my story.” I feel a smile begin at da corner of my lips and spread across my mouth. “I is here.”